MATIC Price: $0.600836 (-1.27%)
Gas: 30 GWei

Contract Diff Checker

Contract Name:
KlimaToken

Contract Source Code:

File 1 of 1 : KlimaToken

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// SPDX-License-Identifier: AGPL-3.0-or-later
pragma solidity 0.7.5;

/**
 * @dev Intended to update the TWAP for a token based on accepting an update call from that token.
 *  expectation is to have this happen in the _beforeTokenTransfer function of ERC20.
 *  Provides a method for a token to register its price sourve adaptor.
 *  Provides a function for a token to register its TWAP updater. Defaults to token itself.
 *  Provides a function a tokent to set its TWAP epoch.
 *  Implements automatic closeing and opening up a TWAP epoch when epoch ends.
 *  Provides a function to report the TWAP from the last epoch when passed a token address.
 */
interface ITWAPOracle {

    function uniV2CompPairAddressForLastEpochUpdateBlockTimstamp( address ) external returns ( uint32 );

    function priceTokenAddressForPricingTokenAddressForLastEpochUpdateBlockTimstamp( address tokenToPrice_, address tokenForPriceComparison_, uint epochPeriod_ ) external returns ( uint32 );

    function pricedTokenForPricingTokenForEpochPeriodForPrice( address, address, uint ) external returns ( uint );

    function pricedTokenForPricingTokenForEpochPeriodForLastEpochPrice( address, address, uint ) external returns ( uint );

    function updateTWAP( address uniV2CompatPairAddressToUpdate_, uint eopchPeriodToUpdate_ ) external returns ( bool );
}

library EnumerableSet {

    // To implement this library for multiple types with as little code
    // repetition as possible, we write it in terms of a generic Set type with
    // bytes32 values.
    // The Set implementation uses private functions, and user-facing
    // implementations (such as AddressSet) are just wrappers around the
    // underlying Set.
    // This means that we can only create new EnumerableSets for types that fit
    // in bytes32.
    struct Set {
        // Storage of set values
        bytes32[] _values;

        // Position of the value in the `values` array, plus 1 because index 0
        // means a value is not in the set.
        mapping (bytes32 => uint256) _indexes;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Add a value to a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was added to the set, that is if it was not
     * already present.
     */
    function _add(Set storage set, bytes32 value) private returns (bool) {
        if (!_contains(set, value)) {
            set._values.push(value);
            // The value is stored at length-1, but we add 1 to all indexes
            // and use 0 as a sentinel value
            set._indexes[value] = set._values.length;
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes a value from a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was removed from the set, that is if it was
     * present.
     */
    function _remove(Set storage set, bytes32 value) private returns (bool) {
        // We read and store the value's index to prevent multiple reads from the same storage slot
        uint256 valueIndex = set._indexes[value];

        if (valueIndex != 0) { // Equivalent to contains(set, value)
            // To delete an element from the _values array in O(1), we swap the element to delete with the last one in
            // the array, and then remove the last element (sometimes called as 'swap and pop').
            // This modifies the order of the array, as noted in {at}.

            uint256 toDeleteIndex = valueIndex - 1;
            uint256 lastIndex = set._values.length - 1;

            // When the value to delete is the last one, the swap operation is unnecessary. However, since this occurs
            // so rarely, we still do the swap anyway to avoid the gas cost of adding an 'if' statement.

            bytes32 lastvalue = set._values[lastIndex];

            // Move the last value to the index where the value to delete is
            set._values[toDeleteIndex] = lastvalue;
            // Update the index for the moved value
            set._indexes[lastvalue] = toDeleteIndex + 1; // All indexes are 1-based

            // Delete the slot where the moved value was stored
            set._values.pop();

            // Delete the index for the deleted slot
            delete set._indexes[value];

            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the value is in the set. O(1).
     */
    function _contains(Set storage set, bytes32 value) private view returns (bool) {
        return set._indexes[value] != 0;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of values on the set. O(1).
     */
    function _length(Set storage set) private view returns (uint256) {
        return set._values.length;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the value stored at position `index` in the set. O(1).
     *
     * Note that there are no guarantees on the ordering of values inside the
     * array, and it may change when more values are added or removed.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `index` must be strictly less than {length}.
     */
    function _at(Set storage set, uint256 index) private view returns (bytes32) {
        require(set._values.length > index, "EnumerableSet: index out of bounds");
        return set._values[index];
    }

    function _getValues( Set storage set_ ) private view returns ( bytes32[] storage ) {
        return set_._values;
    }

    // TODO needs insert function that maintains order.
    // TODO needs NatSpec documentation comment.
    /**
     * Inserts new value by moving existing value at provided index to end of array and setting provided value at provided index
     */
    function _insert(Set storage set_, uint256 index_, bytes32 valueToInsert_ ) private returns ( bool ) {
        require(  set_._values.length > index_ );
        require( !_contains( set_, valueToInsert_ ), "Remove value you wish to insert if you wish to reorder array." );
        bytes32 existingValue_ = _at( set_, index_ );
        set_._values[index_] = valueToInsert_;
        return _add( set_, existingValue_);
    }

    struct Bytes4Set {
        Set _inner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Add a value to a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was added to the set, that is if it was not
     * already present.
     */
    function add(Bytes4Set storage set, bytes4 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _add(set._inner, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes a value from a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was removed from the set, that is if it was
     * present.
     */
    function remove(Bytes4Set storage set, bytes4 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _remove(set._inner, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the value is in the set. O(1).
     */
    function contains(Bytes4Set storage set, bytes4 value) internal view returns (bool) {
        return _contains(set._inner, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of values on the set. O(1).
     */
    function length(Bytes4Set storage set) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return _length(set._inner);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the value stored at position `index` in the set. O(1).
     *
     * Note that there are no guarantees on the ordering of values inside the
     * array, and it may change when more values are added or removed.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `index` must be strictly less than {length}.
     */
    function at(Bytes4Set storage set, uint256 index) internal view returns ( bytes4 ) {
        return bytes4( _at( set._inner, index ) );
    }

    function getValues( Bytes4Set storage set_ ) internal view returns ( bytes4[] memory ) {
        bytes4[] memory bytes4Array_;
        for( uint256 iteration_ = 0; _length( set_._inner ) > iteration_; iteration_++ ) {
            bytes4Array_[iteration_] = bytes4( _at( set_._inner, iteration_ ) );
        }
        return bytes4Array_;
    }

    function insert( Bytes4Set storage set_, uint256 index_, bytes4 valueToInsert_ ) internal returns ( bool ) {
        return _insert( set_._inner, index_, valueToInsert_ );
    }

    struct Bytes32Set {
        Set _inner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Add a value to a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was added to the set, that is if it was not
     * already present.
     */
    function add(Bytes32Set storage set, bytes32 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _add(set._inner, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes a value from a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was removed from the set, that is if it was
     * present.
     */
    function remove(Bytes32Set storage set, bytes32 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _remove(set._inner, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the value is in the set. O(1).
     */
    function contains(Bytes32Set storage set, bytes32 value) internal view returns (bool) {
        return _contains(set._inner, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of values on the set. O(1).
     */
    function length(Bytes32Set storage set) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return _length(set._inner);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the value stored at position `index` in the set. O(1).
     *
     * Note that there are no guarantees on the ordering of values inside the
     * array, and it may change when more values are added or removed.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `index` must be strictly less than {length}.
     */
    function at(Bytes32Set storage set, uint256 index) internal view returns ( bytes32 ) {
        return _at(set._inner, index);
    }

    function getValues( Bytes32Set storage set_ ) internal view returns ( bytes4[] memory ) {
        bytes4[] memory bytes4Array_;

        for( uint256 iteration_ = 0; _length( set_._inner ) >= iteration_; iteration_++ ){
            bytes4Array_[iteration_] = bytes4( at( set_, iteration_ ) );
        }

        return bytes4Array_;
    }

    function insert( Bytes32Set storage set_, uint256 index_, bytes32 valueToInsert_ ) internal returns ( bool ) {
        return _insert( set_._inner, index_, valueToInsert_ );
    }

    // AddressSet
    struct AddressSet {
        Set _inner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Add a value to a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was added to the set, that is if it was not
     * already present.
     */
    function add(AddressSet storage set, address value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _add(set._inner, bytes32(uint256(value)));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes a value from a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was removed from the set, that is if it was
     * present.
     */
    function remove(AddressSet storage set, address value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _remove(set._inner, bytes32(uint256(value)));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the value is in the set. O(1).
     */
    function contains(AddressSet storage set, address value) internal view returns (bool) {
        return _contains(set._inner, bytes32(uint256(value)));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of values in the set. O(1).
     */
    function length(AddressSet storage set) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return _length(set._inner);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the value stored at position `index` in the set. O(1).
     *
     * Note that there are no guarantees on the ordering of values inside the
     * array, and it may change when more values are added or removed.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `index` must be strictly less than {length}.
     */
    function at(AddressSet storage set, uint256 index) internal view returns (address) {
        return address(uint256(_at(set._inner, index)));
    }

    /**
     * TODO Might require explicit conversion of bytes32[] to address[].
     *  Might require iteration.
     */
    function getValues( AddressSet storage set_ ) internal view returns ( address[] memory ) {

        address[] memory addressArray;

        for( uint256 iteration_ = 0; _length(set_._inner) >= iteration_; iteration_++ ){
            addressArray[iteration_] = at( set_, iteration_ );
        }

        return addressArray;
    }

    function insert(AddressSet storage set_, uint256 index_, address valueToInsert_ ) internal returns ( bool ) {
        return _insert( set_._inner, index_, bytes32(uint256(valueToInsert_)) );
    }


    // UintSet

    struct UintSet {
        Set _inner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Add a value to a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was added to the set, that is if it was not
     * already present.
     */
    function add(UintSet storage set, uint256 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _add(set._inner, bytes32(value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes a value from a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was removed from the set, that is if it was
     * present.
     */
    function remove(UintSet storage set, uint256 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _remove(set._inner, bytes32(value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the value is in the set. O(1).
     */
    function contains(UintSet storage set, uint256 value) internal view returns (bool) {
        return _contains(set._inner, bytes32(value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of values on the set. O(1).
     */
    function length(UintSet storage set) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return _length(set._inner);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the value stored at position `index` in the set. O(1).
     *
     * Note that there are no guarantees on the ordering of values inside the
     * array, and it may change when more values are added or removed.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `index` must be strictly less than {length}.
     */
    function at(UintSet storage set, uint256 index) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return uint256(_at(set._inner, index));
    }

    struct UInt256Set {
        Set _inner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Add a value to a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was added to the set, that is if it was not
     * already present.
     */
    function add(UInt256Set storage set, uint256 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _add(set._inner, bytes32(value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes a value from a set. O(1).
     *
     * Returns true if the value was removed from the set, that is if it was
     * present.
     */
    function remove(UInt256Set storage set, uint256 value) internal returns (bool) {
        return _remove(set._inner, bytes32(value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns true if the value is in the set. O(1).
     */
    function contains(UInt256Set storage set, uint256 value) internal view returns (bool) {
        return _contains(set._inner, bytes32(value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of values on the set. O(1).
     */
    function length(UInt256Set storage set) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return _length(set._inner);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the value stored at position `index` in the set. O(1).
     *
     * Note that there are no guarantees on the ordering of values inside the
     * array, and it may change when more values are added or removed.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `index` must be strictly less than {length}.
     */
    function at(UInt256Set storage set, uint256 index) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return uint256(_at(set._inner, index));
    }
}

interface IERC20 {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the amount of tokens in existence.
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the amount of tokens owned by `account`.
     */
    function balanceOf(address account) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Moves `amount` tokens from the caller's account to `recipient`.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transfer(address recipient, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remaining number of tokens that `spender` will be
     * allowed to spend on behalf of `owner` through {transferFrom}. This is
     * zero by default.
     *
     * This value changes when {approve} or {transferFrom} are called.
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Sets `amount` as the allowance of `spender` over the caller's tokens.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * IMPORTANT: Beware that changing an allowance with this method brings the risk
     * that someone may use both the old and the new allowance by unfortunate
     * transaction ordering. One possible solution to mitigate this race
     * condition is to first reduce the spender's allowance to 0 and set the
     * desired value afterwards:
     * https://github.com/ethereum/EIPs/issues/20#issuecomment-263524729
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Moves `amount` tokens from `sender` to `recipient` using the
     * allowance mechanism. `amount` is then deducted from the caller's
     * allowance.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transferFrom(address sender, address recipient, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `value` tokens are moved from one account (`from`) to
     * another (`to`).
     *
     * Note that `value` may be zero.
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 value);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when the allowance of a `spender` for an `owner` is set by
     * a call to {approve}. `value` is the new allowance.
     */
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 value);
}

library SafeMath {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the addition of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `+` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Addition cannot overflow.
     */
    function add(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        uint256 c = a + b;
        require(c >= a, "SafeMath: addition overflow");

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow (when the result is negative).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Subtraction cannot overflow.
     */
    function sub(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return sub(a, b, "SafeMath: subtraction overflow");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting with custom message on
     * overflow (when the result is negative).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Subtraction cannot overflow.
     */
    function sub(uint256 a, uint256 b, string memory errorMessage) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b <= a, errorMessage);
        uint256 c = a - b;

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the multiplication of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `*` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Multiplication cannot overflow.
     */
    function mul(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        // Gas optimization: this is cheaper than requiring 'a' not being zero, but the
        // benefit is lost if 'b' is also tested.
        // See: https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-contracts/pull/522
        if (a == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        uint256 c = a * b;
        require(c / a == b, "SafeMath: multiplication overflow");

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers. Reverts on
     * division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
     * `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
     * uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function div(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return div(a, b, "SafeMath: division by zero");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers. Reverts with custom message on
     * division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
     * `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
     * uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function div(uint256 a, uint256 b, string memory errorMessage) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b > 0, errorMessage);
        uint256 c = a / b;
        // assert(a == b * c + a % b); // There is no case in which this doesn't hold

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
     * Reverts when dividing by zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
     * opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
     * invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function mod(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return mod(a, b, "SafeMath: modulo by zero");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
     * Reverts with custom message when dividing by zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
     * opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
     * invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function mod(uint256 a, uint256 b, string memory errorMessage) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b != 0, errorMessage);
        return a % b;
    }

    // babylonian method (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_computing_square_roots#Babylonian_method)
    function sqrrt(uint256 a) internal pure returns (uint c) {
        if (a > 3) {
            c = a;
            uint b = add( div( a, 2), 1 );
            while (b < c) {
                c = b;
                b = div( add( div( a, b ), b), 2 );
            }
        } else if (a != 0) {
            c = 1;
        }
    }

    /*
     * Expects percentage to be trailed by 00,
    */
    function percentageAmount( uint256 total_, uint8 percentage_ ) internal pure returns ( uint256 percentAmount_ ) {
        return div( mul( total_, percentage_ ), 1000 );
    }

    /*
     * Expects percentage to be trailed by 00,
    */
    function substractPercentage( uint256 total_, uint8 percentageToSub_ ) internal pure returns ( uint256 result_ ) {
        return sub( total_, div( mul( total_, percentageToSub_ ), 1000 ) );
    }

    function percentageOfTotal( uint256 part_, uint256 total_ ) internal pure returns ( uint256 percent_ ) {
        return div( mul(part_, 100) , total_ );
    }

    /**
     * Taken from Hypersonic https://github.com/M2629/HyperSonic/blob/main/Math.sol
     * @dev Returns the average of two numbers. The result is rounded towards
     * zero.
     */
    function average(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        // (a + b) / 2 can overflow, so we distribute
        return (a / 2) + (b / 2) + ((a % 2 + b % 2) / 2);
    }

    function quadraticPricing( uint256 payment_, uint256 multiplier_ ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return sqrrt( mul( multiplier_, payment_ ) );
    }

    function bondingCurve( uint256 supply_, uint256 multiplier_ ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return mul( multiplier_, supply_ );
    }
}

abstract contract ERC20
is
IERC20
{

    using SafeMath for uint256;

    // TODO comment actual hash value.
    bytes32 constant private ERC20TOKEN_ERC1820_INTERFACE_ID = keccak256( "ERC20Token" );

    // Present in ERC777
    mapping (address => uint256) internal _balances;

    // Present in ERC777
    mapping (address => mapping (address => uint256)) internal _allowances;

    // Present in ERC777
    uint256 internal _totalSupply;

    // Present in ERC777
    string internal _name;

    // Present in ERC777
    string internal _symbol;

    // Present in ERC777
    uint8 internal _decimals;

    /**
     * @dev Sets the values for {name} and {symbol}, initializes {decimals} with
     * a default value of 18.
     *
     * To select a different value for {decimals}, use {_setupDecimals}.
     *
     * All three of these values are immutable: they can only be set once during
     * construction.
     */
    constructor (string memory name_, string memory symbol_, uint8 decimals_) {
        _name = name_;
        _symbol = symbol_;
        _decimals = decimals_;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the name of the token.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function name() public view returns (string memory) {
        return _name;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the symbol of the token, usually a shorter version of the
     * name.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function symbol() public view returns (string memory) {
        return _symbol;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the number of decimals used to get its user representation.
     * For example, if `decimals` equals `2`, a balance of `505` tokens should
     * be displayed to a user as `5,05` (`505 / 10 ** 2`).
     *
     * Tokens usually opt for a value of 18, imitating the relationship between
     * Ether and Wei. This is the value {ERC20} uses, unless {_setupDecimals} is
     * called.
     *
     * NOTE: This information is only used for _display_ purposes: it in
     * no way affects any of the arithmetic of the contract, including
     * {IERC20-balanceOf} and {IERC20-transfer}.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function decimals() public view returns (uint8) {
        return _decimals;
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC20-totalSupply}.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function totalSupply() public view override returns (uint256) {
        return _totalSupply;
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC20-balanceOf}.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function balanceOf(address account) public view virtual override returns (uint256) {
        return _balances[account];
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC20-transfer}.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `recipient` cannot be the zero address.
     * - the caller must have a balance of at least `amount`.
     */
    // Overrideen in ERC777
    // Confirm that this behavior changes
    function transfer(address recipient, uint256 amount) public virtual override returns (bool) {
        _transfer(msg.sender, recipient, amount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC20-allowance}.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) public view virtual override returns (uint256) {
        return _allowances[owner][spender];
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC20-approve}.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `spender` cannot be the zero address.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) public virtual override returns (bool) {
        _approve(msg.sender, spender, amount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC20-transferFrom}.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event indicating the updated allowance. This is not
     * required by the EIP. See the note at the beginning of {ERC20}.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `sender` and `recipient` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `sender` must have a balance of at least `amount`.
     * - the caller must have allowance for ``sender``'s tokens of at least
     * `amount`.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function transferFrom(address sender, address recipient, uint256 amount) public virtual override returns (bool) {
        _transfer(sender, recipient, amount);
        _approve(sender, msg.sender, _allowances[sender][msg.sender].sub(amount, "ERC20: transfer amount exceeds allowance"));
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Atomically increases the allowance granted to `spender` by the caller.
     *
     * This is an alternative to {approve} that can be used as a mitigation for
     * problems described in {IERC20-approve}.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event indicating the updated allowance.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `spender` cannot be the zero address.
     */
    function increaseAllowance(address spender, uint256 addedValue) public virtual returns (bool) {
        _approve(msg.sender, spender, _allowances[msg.sender][spender].add(addedValue));
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Atomically decreases the allowance granted to `spender` by the caller.
     *
     * This is an alternative to {approve} that can be used as a mitigation for
     * problems described in {IERC20-approve}.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event indicating the updated allowance.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `spender` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `spender` must have allowance for the caller of at least
     * `subtractedValue`.
     */
    function decreaseAllowance(address spender, uint256 subtractedValue) public virtual returns (bool) {
        _approve(msg.sender, spender, _allowances[msg.sender][spender].sub(subtractedValue, "ERC20: decreased allowance below zero"));
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Moves tokens `amount` from `sender` to `recipient`.
     *
     * This is internal function is equivalent to {transfer}, and can be used to
     * e.g. implement automatic token fees, slashing mechanisms, etc.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `sender` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `recipient` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `sender` must have a balance of at least `amount`.
     */
    function _transfer(address sender, address recipient, uint256 amount) internal virtual {
        require(sender != address(0), "ERC20: transfer from the zero address");
        require(recipient != address(0), "ERC20: transfer to the zero address");

        _beforeTokenTransfer(sender, recipient, amount);

        _balances[sender] = _balances[sender].sub(amount, "ERC20: transfer amount exceeds balance");
        _balances[recipient] = _balances[recipient].add(amount);
        emit Transfer(sender, recipient, amount);
    }

    /** @dev Creates `amount` tokens and assigns them to `account`, increasing
     * the total supply.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event with `from` set to the zero address.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `to` cannot be the zero address.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function _mint(address account_, uint256 amount_) internal virtual {
        require(account_ != address(0), "ERC20: mint to the zero address");
        _beforeTokenTransfer(address( this ), account_, amount_);
        _totalSupply = _totalSupply.add(amount_);
        _balances[account_] = _balances[account_].add(amount_);
        emit Transfer(address( this ), account_, amount_);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Destroys `amount` tokens from `account`, reducing the
     * total supply.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event with `to` set to the zero address.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `account` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `account` must have at least `amount` tokens.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function _burn(address account, uint256 amount) internal virtual {
        require(account != address(0), "ERC20: burn from the zero address");

        _beforeTokenTransfer(account, address(0), amount);

        _balances[account] = _balances[account].sub(amount, "ERC20: burn amount exceeds balance");
        _totalSupply = _totalSupply.sub(amount);
        emit Transfer(account, address(0), amount);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Sets `amount` as the allowance of `spender` over the `owner` s tokens.
     *
     * This internal function is equivalent to `approve`, and can be used to
     * e.g. set automatic allowances for certain subsystems, etc.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `owner` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `spender` cannot be the zero address.
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function _approve(address owner, address spender, uint256 amount) internal virtual {
        require(owner != address(0), "ERC20: approve from the zero address");
        require(spender != address(0), "ERC20: approve to the zero address");

        _allowances[owner][spender] = amount;
        emit Approval(owner, spender, amount);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Sets {decimals} to a value other than the default one of 18.
     *
     * WARNING: This function should only be called from the constructor. Most
     * applications that interact with token contracts will not expect
     * {decimals} to ever change, and may work incorrectly if it does.
     */
    // Considering deprication to reduce size of bytecode as changing _decimals to internal acheived the same functionality.
    // function _setupDecimals(uint8 decimals_) internal {
    //     _decimals = decimals_;
    // }

    /**
     * @dev Hook that is called before any transfer of tokens. This includes
     * minting and burning.
     *
     * Calling conditions:
     *
     * - when `from` and `to` are both non-zero, `amount` of ``from``'s tokens
     * will be to transferred to `to`.
     * - when `from` is zero, `amount` tokens will be minted for `to`.
     * - when `to` is zero, `amount` of ``from``'s tokens will be burned.
     * - `from` and `to` are never both zero.
     *
     * To learn more about hooks, head to xref:ROOT:extending-contracts.adoc#using-hooks[Using Hooks].
     */
    // Present in ERC777
    function _beforeTokenTransfer( address from_, address to_, uint256 amount_ ) internal virtual { }
}

library Counters {
    using SafeMath for uint256;

    struct Counter {
        // This variable should never be directly accessed by users of the library: interactions must be restricted to
        // the library's function. As of Solidity v0.5.2, this cannot be enforced, though there is a proposal to add
        // this feature: see https://github.com/ethereum/solidity/issues/4637
        uint256 _value; // default: 0
    }

    function current(Counter storage counter) internal view returns (uint256) {
        return counter._value;
    }

    function increment(Counter storage counter) internal {
        // The {SafeMath} overflow check can be skipped here, see the comment at the top
        counter._value += 1;
    }

    function decrement(Counter storage counter) internal {
        counter._value = counter._value.sub(1);
    }
}

interface IERC2612Permit {
    /**
     * @dev Sets `amount` as the allowance of `spender` over `owner`'s tokens,
     * given `owner`'s signed approval.
     *
     * IMPORTANT: The same issues {IERC20-approve} has related to transaction
     * ordering also apply here.
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `owner` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `spender` cannot be the zero address.
     * - `deadline` must be a timestamp in the future.
     * - `v`, `r` and `s` must be a valid `secp256k1` signature from `owner`
     * over the EIP712-formatted function arguments.
     * - the signature must use ``owner``'s current nonce (see {nonces}).
     *
     * For more information on the signature format, see the
     * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2612#specification[relevant EIP
     * section].
     */
    function permit(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 amount,
        uint256 deadline,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) external;

    /**
     * @dev Returns the current ERC2612 nonce for `owner`. This value must be
     * included whenever a signature is generated for {permit}.
     *
     * Every successful call to {permit} increases ``owner``'s nonce by one. This
     * prevents a signature from being used multiple times.
     */
    function nonces(address owner) external view returns (uint256);
}

abstract contract ERC20Permit is ERC20, IERC2612Permit {
    using Counters for Counters.Counter;

    mapping(address => Counters.Counter) private _nonces;

    // keccak256("Permit(address owner,address spender,uint256 value,uint256 nonce,uint256 deadline)");
    bytes32 public constant PERMIT_TYPEHASH = 0x6e71edae12b1b97f4d1f60370fef10105fa2faae0126114a169c64845d6126c9;

    bytes32 public DOMAIN_SEPARATOR;

    constructor() {
        uint256 chainID;
        assembly {
            chainID := chainid()
        }

        DOMAIN_SEPARATOR = keccak256(
            abi.encode(
                keccak256("EIP712Domain(string name,string version,uint256 chainId,address verifyingContract)"),
                keccak256(bytes(name())),
                keccak256(bytes("1")), // Version
                chainID,
                address(this)
            )
        );
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC2612Permit-permit}.
     *
     */
    function permit(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 amount,
        uint256 deadline,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) public virtual override {
        require(block.timestamp <= deadline, "Permit: expired deadline");

        bytes32 hashStruct =
        keccak256(abi.encode(PERMIT_TYPEHASH, owner, spender, amount, _nonces[owner].current(), deadline));

        bytes32 _hash = keccak256(abi.encodePacked(uint16(0x1901), DOMAIN_SEPARATOR, hashStruct));

        address signer = ecrecover(_hash, v, r, s);
        require(signer != address(0) && signer == owner, "ZeroSwapPermit: Invalid signature");

        _nonces[owner].increment();
        _approve(owner, spender, amount);
    }

    /**
     * @dev See {IERC2612Permit-nonces}.
     */
    function nonces(address owner) public view override returns (uint256) {
        return _nonces[owner].current();
    }
}

interface IOwnable {

    function owner() external view returns (address);

    function renounceOwnership() external;

    function transferOwnership( address newOwner_ ) external;
}

contract Ownable is IOwnable {

    address internal _owner;

    event OwnershipTransferred(address indexed previousOwner, address indexed newOwner);

    /**
     * @dev Initializes the contract setting the deployer as the initial owner.
     */
    constructor () {
        _owner = msg.sender;
        emit OwnershipTransferred( address(0), _owner );
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the address of the current owner.
     */
    function owner() public view override returns (address) {
        return _owner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the owner.
     */
    modifier onlyOwner() {
        require( _owner == msg.sender, "Ownable: caller is not the owner" );
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Leaves the contract without owner. It will not be possible to call
     * `onlyOwner` functions anymore. Can only be called by the current owner.
     *
     * NOTE: Renouncing ownership will leave the contract without an owner,
     * thereby removing any functionality that is only available to the owner.
     */
    function renounceOwnership() public virtual override onlyOwner() {
        emit OwnershipTransferred( _owner, address(0) );
        _owner = address(0);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Transfers ownership of the contract to a new account (`newOwner`).
     * Can only be called by the current owner.
     */
    function transferOwnership( address newOwner_ ) public virtual override onlyOwner() {
        require( newOwner_ != address(0), "Ownable: new owner is the zero address");
        emit OwnershipTransferred( _owner, newOwner_ );
        _owner = newOwner_;
    }
}

contract VaultOwned is Ownable {

    address internal _vault;

    function setVault( address vault_ ) external onlyOwner() returns ( bool ) {
        _vault = vault_;

        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the address of the current vault.
     */
    function vault() public view returns (address) {
        return _vault;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the vault.
     */
    modifier onlyVault() {
        require( _vault == msg.sender, "VaultOwned: caller is not the Vault" );
        _;
    }

}

contract TWAPOracleUpdater is ERC20Permit, VaultOwned {

    using EnumerableSet for EnumerableSet.AddressSet;

    event TWAPOracleChanged( address indexed previousTWAPOracle, address indexed newTWAPOracle );
    event TWAPEpochChanged( uint previousTWAPEpochPeriod, uint newTWAPEpochPeriod );
    event TWAPSourceAdded( address indexed newTWAPSource );
    event TWAPSourceRemoved( address indexed removedTWAPSource );

    EnumerableSet.AddressSet private _dexPoolsTWAPSources;

    ITWAPOracle public twapOracle;

    uint public twapEpochPeriod;

    constructor(
        string memory name_,
        string memory symbol_,
        uint8 decimals_
    ) ERC20(name_, symbol_, decimals_) {
    }

    function changeTWAPOracle( address newTWAPOracle_ ) external onlyOwner() {
        emit TWAPOracleChanged( address(twapOracle), newTWAPOracle_);
        twapOracle = ITWAPOracle( newTWAPOracle_ );
    }

    function changeTWAPEpochPeriod( uint newTWAPEpochPeriod_ ) external onlyOwner() {
        require( newTWAPEpochPeriod_ > 0, "TWAPOracleUpdater: TWAP Epoch period must be greater than 0." );
        emit TWAPEpochChanged( twapEpochPeriod, newTWAPEpochPeriod_ );
        twapEpochPeriod = newTWAPEpochPeriod_;
    }

    function addTWAPSource( address newTWAPSourceDexPool_ ) external onlyOwner() {
        require( _dexPoolsTWAPSources.add( newTWAPSourceDexPool_ ), "KlimaERC20TOken: TWAP Source already stored." );
        emit TWAPSourceAdded( newTWAPSourceDexPool_ );
    }

    function removeTWAPSource( address twapSourceToRemove_ ) external onlyOwner() {
        require( _dexPoolsTWAPSources.remove( twapSourceToRemove_ ), "KlimaERC20TOken: TWAP source not present." );
        emit TWAPSourceRemoved( twapSourceToRemove_ );
    }

    function _uodateTWAPOracle( address dexPoolToUpdateFrom_, uint twapEpochPeriodToUpdate_ ) internal {
        if ( _dexPoolsTWAPSources.contains( dexPoolToUpdateFrom_ )) {
            twapOracle.updateTWAP( dexPoolToUpdateFrom_, twapEpochPeriodToUpdate_ );
        }
    }

    function _beforeTokenTransfer( address from_, address to_, uint256 amount_ ) internal override virtual {
        if( _dexPoolsTWAPSources.contains( from_ ) ) {
            _uodateTWAPOracle( from_, twapEpochPeriod );
        } else {
            if ( _dexPoolsTWAPSources.contains( to_ ) ) {
                _uodateTWAPOracle( to_, twapEpochPeriod );
            }
        }
    }
}

contract Divine is TWAPOracleUpdater {
    constructor(
        string memory name_,
        string memory symbol_,
        uint8 decimals_
    ) TWAPOracleUpdater(name_, symbol_, decimals_) {
    }
}

contract KlimaToken is Divine {

    using SafeMath for uint256;

    constructor() Divine("Klima DAO", "KLIMA", 9) {
    }

    function mint(address account_, uint256 amount_) external onlyVault() {
        _mint(account_, amount_);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Destroys `amount` tokens from the caller.
     *
     * See {ERC20-_burn}.
     */
    function burn(uint256 amount) public virtual {
        _burn(msg.sender, amount);
    }
    /*
     * @dev Destroys `amount` tokens from `account`, deducting from the caller's
     * allowance.
     *
     * See {ERC20-_burn} and {ERC20-allowance}.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - the caller must have allowance for ``accounts``'s tokens of at least
     * `amount`.
     */

    function burnFrom(address account_, uint256 amount_) public virtual {
        _burnFrom(account_, amount_);
    }

    function _burnFrom(address account_, uint256 amount_) public virtual {
        uint256 decreasedAllowance_ =
        allowance(account_, msg.sender).sub(
            amount_,
            "ERC20: burn amount exceeds allowance"
        );

        _approve(account_, msg.sender, decreasedAllowance_);
        _burn(account_, amount_);
    }
}

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