Contract 0x8141bcfbcee654c5de17c4e2b2af26b67f9b9056 3

 
 
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0x8a72353c29a5fdbfb582c7415a83a3f1952d89c744aea301658d55038040c0e2Claim338511602022-10-02 20:40:494 hrs 5 mins ago0x527ed206b03780c0aa68fe7a6bb5650fbfde007b IN  0x8141bcfbcee654c5de17c4e2b2af26b67f9b90560 MATIC0.012607122247 30.670830631
0x0d84cc8fb9694bc1031f5f375fb1cb8f7f746fe63915f7334c66980151f2d979Claim338508912022-10-02 20:31:354 hrs 14 mins ago0x9eb5706d885b1ac35fb9265457df6f7451fea685 IN  0x8141bcfbcee654c5de17c4e2b2af26b67f9b90560 MATIC0.012954060004 30.00000001
0xe73937a68b07bf565bac649abe7812cb9c241eafeb7b39f37a1110bf19e8c712Claim338506972022-10-02 20:24:554 hrs 21 mins ago0xf3e5ed03c44be44dba6b34c58174e19a861a5f15 IN  0x8141bcfbcee654c5de17c4e2b2af26b67f9b90560 MATIC0.01317157827 31.122149298
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0x8a12c828baf74e8c04ea83cf41f21d05116fa188e6a116f51fbfc5adea1babe0Claim338499112022-10-02 19:57:514 hrs 48 mins ago0xe6764b8361d7272b6a8b28ff1720160288a317b8 IN  0x8141bcfbcee654c5de17c4e2b2af26b67f9b90560 MATIC0.017876820005 30.00000001
0x7e4d9661b3ac9f8e0e31250afcf288062a3ba507364d242c0f138eccaa133482Claim338495062022-10-02 19:43:575 hrs 2 mins ago0xa21df89c3f7375ebe7381cc858e0aa0b7c83aee0 IN  0x8141bcfbcee654c5de17c4e2b2af26b67f9b90560 MATIC0.020469921201 31.990600012
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Contract Source Code Verified (Exact Match)

Contract Name:
PrizeDistributor

Compiler Version
v0.8.6+commit.11564f7e

Optimization Enabled:
Yes with 2000 runs

Other Settings:
default evmVersion, GNU GPLv3 license

Contract Source Code (Solidity Standard Json-Input format)

File 1 of 22 : IERC20.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev Interface of the ERC20 standard as defined in the EIP.
 */
interface IERC20 {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the amount of tokens in existence.
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the amount of tokens owned by `account`.
     */
    function balanceOf(address account) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Moves `amount` tokens from the caller's account to `recipient`.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transfer(address recipient, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remaining number of tokens that `spender` will be
     * allowed to spend on behalf of `owner` through {transferFrom}. This is
     * zero by default.
     *
     * This value changes when {approve} or {transferFrom} are called.
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Sets `amount` as the allowance of `spender` over the caller's tokens.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * IMPORTANT: Beware that changing an allowance with this method brings the risk
     * that someone may use both the old and the new allowance by unfortunate
     * transaction ordering. One possible solution to mitigate this race
     * condition is to first reduce the spender's allowance to 0 and set the
     * desired value afterwards:
     * https://github.com/ethereum/EIPs/issues/20#issuecomment-263524729
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Moves `amount` tokens from `sender` to `recipient` using the
     * allowance mechanism. `amount` is then deducted from the caller's
     * allowance.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address sender,
        address recipient,
        uint256 amount
    ) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `value` tokens are moved from one account (`from`) to
     * another (`to`).
     *
     * Note that `value` may be zero.
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 value);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when the allowance of a `spender` for an `owner` is set by
     * a call to {approve}. `value` is the new allowance.
     */
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 value);
}

File 2 of 22 : SafeERC20.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

import "../IERC20.sol";
import "../../../utils/Address.sol";

/**
 * @title SafeERC20
 * @dev Wrappers around ERC20 operations that throw on failure (when the token
 * contract returns false). Tokens that return no value (and instead revert or
 * throw on failure) are also supported, non-reverting calls are assumed to be
 * successful.
 * To use this library you can add a `using SafeERC20 for IERC20;` statement to your contract,
 * which allows you to call the safe operations as `token.safeTransfer(...)`, etc.
 */
library SafeERC20 {
    using Address for address;

    function safeTransfer(
        IERC20 token,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        _callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.transfer.selector, to, value));
    }

    function safeTransferFrom(
        IERC20 token,
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        _callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.transferFrom.selector, from, to, value));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Deprecated. This function has issues similar to the ones found in
     * {IERC20-approve}, and its usage is discouraged.
     *
     * Whenever possible, use {safeIncreaseAllowance} and
     * {safeDecreaseAllowance} instead.
     */
    function safeApprove(
        IERC20 token,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        // safeApprove should only be called when setting an initial allowance,
        // or when resetting it to zero. To increase and decrease it, use
        // 'safeIncreaseAllowance' and 'safeDecreaseAllowance'
        require(
            (value == 0) || (token.allowance(address(this), spender) == 0),
            "SafeERC20: approve from non-zero to non-zero allowance"
        );
        _callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.approve.selector, spender, value));
    }

    function safeIncreaseAllowance(
        IERC20 token,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        uint256 newAllowance = token.allowance(address(this), spender) + value;
        _callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.approve.selector, spender, newAllowance));
    }

    function safeDecreaseAllowance(
        IERC20 token,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        unchecked {
            uint256 oldAllowance = token.allowance(address(this), spender);
            require(oldAllowance >= value, "SafeERC20: decreased allowance below zero");
            uint256 newAllowance = oldAllowance - value;
            _callOptionalReturn(token, abi.encodeWithSelector(token.approve.selector, spender, newAllowance));
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Imitates a Solidity high-level call (i.e. a regular function call to a contract), relaxing the requirement
     * on the return value: the return value is optional (but if data is returned, it must not be false).
     * @param token The token targeted by the call.
     * @param data The call data (encoded using abi.encode or one of its variants).
     */
    function _callOptionalReturn(IERC20 token, bytes memory data) private {
        // We need to perform a low level call here, to bypass Solidity's return data size checking mechanism, since
        // we're implementing it ourselves. We use {Address.functionCall} to perform this call, which verifies that
        // the target address contains contract code and also asserts for success in the low-level call.

        bytes memory returndata = address(token).functionCall(data, "SafeERC20: low-level call failed");
        if (returndata.length > 0) {
            // Return data is optional
            require(abi.decode(returndata, (bool)), "SafeERC20: ERC20 operation did not succeed");
        }
    }
}

File 3 of 22 : Address.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev Collection of functions related to the address type
 */
library Address {
    /**
     * @dev Returns true if `account` is a contract.
     *
     * [IMPORTANT]
     * ====
     * It is unsafe to assume that an address for which this function returns
     * false is an externally-owned account (EOA) and not a contract.
     *
     * Among others, `isContract` will return false for the following
     * types of addresses:
     *
     *  - an externally-owned account
     *  - a contract in construction
     *  - an address where a contract will be created
     *  - an address where a contract lived, but was destroyed
     * ====
     */
    function isContract(address account) internal view returns (bool) {
        // This method relies on extcodesize, which returns 0 for contracts in
        // construction, since the code is only stored at the end of the
        // constructor execution.

        uint256 size;
        assembly {
            size := extcodesize(account)
        }
        return size > 0;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Replacement for Solidity's `transfer`: sends `amount` wei to
     * `recipient`, forwarding all available gas and reverting on errors.
     *
     * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-1884[EIP1884] increases the gas cost
     * of certain opcodes, possibly making contracts go over the 2300 gas limit
     * imposed by `transfer`, making them unable to receive funds via
     * `transfer`. {sendValue} removes this limitation.
     *
     * https://diligence.consensys.net/posts/2019/09/stop-using-soliditys-transfer-now/[Learn more].
     *
     * IMPORTANT: because control is transferred to `recipient`, care must be
     * taken to not create reentrancy vulnerabilities. Consider using
     * {ReentrancyGuard} or the
     * https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/v0.5.11/security-considerations.html#use-the-checks-effects-interactions-pattern[checks-effects-interactions pattern].
     */
    function sendValue(address payable recipient, uint256 amount) internal {
        require(address(this).balance >= amount, "Address: insufficient balance");

        (bool success, ) = recipient.call{value: amount}("");
        require(success, "Address: unable to send value, recipient may have reverted");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Performs a Solidity function call using a low level `call`. A
     * plain `call` is an unsafe replacement for a function call: use this
     * function instead.
     *
     * If `target` reverts with a revert reason, it is bubbled up by this
     * function (like regular Solidity function calls).
     *
     * Returns the raw returned data. To convert to the expected return value,
     * use https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/units-and-global-variables.html?highlight=abi.decode#abi-encoding-and-decoding-functions[`abi.decode`].
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `target` must be a contract.
     * - calling `target` with `data` must not revert.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCall(target, data, "Address: low-level call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`], but with
     * `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, 0, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but also transferring `value` wei to `target`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - the calling contract must have an ETH balance of at least `value`.
     * - the called Solidity function must be `payable`.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, value, "Address: low-level call with value failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCallWithValue-address-bytes-uint256-}[`functionCallWithValue`], but
     * with `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        require(address(this).balance >= value, "Address: insufficient balance for call");
        require(isContract(target), "Address: call to non-contract");

        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.call{value: value}(data);
        return verifyCallResult(success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a static call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.3._
     */
    function functionStaticCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionStaticCall(target, data, "Address: low-level static call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-string-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a static call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.3._
     */
    function functionStaticCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        require(isContract(target), "Address: static call to non-contract");

        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.staticcall(data);
        return verifyCallResult(success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a delegate call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function functionDelegateCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionDelegateCall(target, data, "Address: low-level delegate call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-string-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a delegate call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function functionDelegateCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        require(isContract(target), "Address: delegate call to non-contract");

        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.delegatecall(data);
        return verifyCallResult(success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Tool to verifies that a low level call was successful, and revert if it wasn't, either by bubbling the
     * revert reason using the provided one.
     *
     * _Available since v4.3._
     */
    function verifyCallResult(
        bool success,
        bytes memory returndata,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (bytes memory) {
        if (success) {
            return returndata;
        } else {
            // Look for revert reason and bubble it up if present
            if (returndata.length > 0) {
                // The easiest way to bubble the revert reason is using memory via assembly

                assembly {
                    let returndata_size := mload(returndata)
                    revert(add(32, returndata), returndata_size)
                }
            } else {
                revert(errorMessage);
            }
        }
    }
}

File 4 of 22 : SafeCast.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev Wrappers over Solidity's uintXX/intXX casting operators with added overflow
 * checks.
 *
 * Downcasting from uint256/int256 in Solidity does not revert on overflow. This can
 * easily result in undesired exploitation or bugs, since developers usually
 * assume that overflows raise errors. `SafeCast` restores this intuition by
 * reverting the transaction when such an operation overflows.
 *
 * Using this library instead of the unchecked operations eliminates an entire
 * class of bugs, so it's recommended to use it always.
 *
 * Can be combined with {SafeMath} and {SignedSafeMath} to extend it to smaller types, by performing
 * all math on `uint256` and `int256` and then downcasting.
 */
library SafeCast {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint224 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint224).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint224` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 224 bits
     */
    function toUint224(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint224) {
        require(value <= type(uint224).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 224 bits");
        return uint224(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint128 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint128).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint128` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 128 bits
     */
    function toUint128(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint128) {
        require(value <= type(uint128).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 128 bits");
        return uint128(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint96 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint96).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint96` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 96 bits
     */
    function toUint96(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint96) {
        require(value <= type(uint96).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 96 bits");
        return uint96(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint64 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint64).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint64` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 64 bits
     */
    function toUint64(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint64) {
        require(value <= type(uint64).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 64 bits");
        return uint64(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint32 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint32).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint32` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 32 bits
     */
    function toUint32(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint32) {
        require(value <= type(uint32).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 32 bits");
        return uint32(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint16 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint16).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint16` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 16 bits
     */
    function toUint16(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint16) {
        require(value <= type(uint16).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 16 bits");
        return uint16(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint8 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint8).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint8` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 8 bits.
     */
    function toUint8(uint256 value) internal pure returns (uint8) {
        require(value <= type(uint8).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 8 bits");
        return uint8(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Converts a signed int256 into an unsigned uint256.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must be greater than or equal to 0.
     */
    function toUint256(int256 value) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(value >= 0, "SafeCast: value must be positive");
        return uint256(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted int128 from int256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is less than smallest int128 or
     * greater than largest int128).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `int128` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 128 bits
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function toInt128(int256 value) internal pure returns (int128) {
        require(value >= type(int128).min && value <= type(int128).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 128 bits");
        return int128(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted int64 from int256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is less than smallest int64 or
     * greater than largest int64).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `int64` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 64 bits
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function toInt64(int256 value) internal pure returns (int64) {
        require(value >= type(int64).min && value <= type(int64).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 64 bits");
        return int64(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted int32 from int256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is less than smallest int32 or
     * greater than largest int32).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `int32` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 32 bits
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function toInt32(int256 value) internal pure returns (int32) {
        require(value >= type(int32).min && value <= type(int32).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 32 bits");
        return int32(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted int16 from int256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is less than smallest int16 or
     * greater than largest int16).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `int16` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 16 bits
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function toInt16(int256 value) internal pure returns (int16) {
        require(value >= type(int16).min && value <= type(int16).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 16 bits");
        return int16(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted int8 from int256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is less than smallest int8 or
     * greater than largest int8).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `int8` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 8 bits.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function toInt8(int256 value) internal pure returns (int8) {
        require(value >= type(int8).min && value <= type(int8).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 8 bits");
        return int8(value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Converts an unsigned uint256 into a signed int256.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must be less than or equal to maxInt256.
     */
    function toInt256(uint256 value) internal pure returns (int256) {
        // Note: Unsafe cast below is okay because `type(int256).max` is guaranteed to be positive
        require(value <= uint256(type(int256).max), "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in an int256");
        return int256(value);
    }
}

File 5 of 22 : Manageable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

import "./Ownable.sol";

/**
 * @title Abstract manageable contract that can be inherited by other contracts
 * @notice Contract module based on Ownable which provides a basic access control mechanism, where
 * there is an owner and a manager that can be granted exclusive access to specific functions.
 *
 * By default, the owner is the deployer of the contract.
 *
 * The owner account is set through a two steps process.
 *      1. The current `owner` calls {transferOwnership} to set a `pendingOwner`
 *      2. The `pendingOwner` calls {acceptOwnership} to accept the ownership transfer
 *
 * The manager account needs to be set using {setManager}.
 *
 * This module is used through inheritance. It will make available the modifier
 * `onlyManager`, which can be applied to your functions to restrict their use to
 * the manager.
 */
abstract contract Manageable is Ownable {
    address private _manager;

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `_manager` has been changed.
     * @param previousManager previous `_manager` address.
     * @param newManager new `_manager` address.
     */
    event ManagerTransferred(address indexed previousManager, address indexed newManager);

    /* ============ External Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Gets current `_manager`.
     * @return Current `_manager` address.
     */
    function manager() public view virtual returns (address) {
        return _manager;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Set or change of manager.
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the owner.
     * @param _newManager New _manager address.
     * @return Boolean to indicate if the operation was successful or not.
     */
    function setManager(address _newManager) external onlyOwner returns (bool) {
        return _setManager(_newManager);
    }

    /* ============ Internal Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Set or change of manager.
     * @param _newManager New _manager address.
     * @return Boolean to indicate if the operation was successful or not.
     */
    function _setManager(address _newManager) private returns (bool) {
        address _previousManager = _manager;

        require(_newManager != _previousManager, "Manageable/existing-manager-address");

        _manager = _newManager;

        emit ManagerTransferred(_previousManager, _newManager);
        return true;
    }

    /* ============ Modifier Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the manager.
     */
    modifier onlyManager() {
        require(manager() == msg.sender, "Manageable/caller-not-manager");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the manager or the owner.
     */
    modifier onlyManagerOrOwner() {
        require(manager() == msg.sender || owner() == msg.sender, "Manageable/caller-not-manager-or-owner");
        _;
    }
}

File 6 of 22 : Ownable.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @title Abstract ownable contract that can be inherited by other contracts
 * @notice Contract module which provides a basic access control mechanism, where
 * there is an account (an owner) that can be granted exclusive access to
 * specific functions.
 *
 * By default, the owner is the deployer of the contract.
 *
 * The owner account is set through a two steps process.
 *      1. The current `owner` calls {transferOwnership} to set a `pendingOwner`
 *      2. The `pendingOwner` calls {acceptOwnership} to accept the ownership transfer
 *
 * The manager account needs to be set using {setManager}.
 *
 * This module is used through inheritance. It will make available the modifier
 * `onlyOwner`, which can be applied to your functions to restrict their use to
 * the owner.
 */
abstract contract Ownable {
    address private _owner;
    address private _pendingOwner;

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `_pendingOwner` has been changed.
     * @param pendingOwner new `_pendingOwner` address.
     */
    event OwnershipOffered(address indexed pendingOwner);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `_owner` has been changed.
     * @param previousOwner previous `_owner` address.
     * @param newOwner new `_owner` address.
     */
    event OwnershipTransferred(address indexed previousOwner, address indexed newOwner);

    /* ============ Deploy ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Initializes the contract setting `_initialOwner` as the initial owner.
     * @param _initialOwner Initial owner of the contract.
     */
    constructor(address _initialOwner) {
        _setOwner(_initialOwner);
    }

    /* ============ External Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Returns the address of the current owner.
     */
    function owner() public view virtual returns (address) {
        return _owner;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Gets current `_pendingOwner`.
     * @return Current `_pendingOwner` address.
     */
    function pendingOwner() external view virtual returns (address) {
        return _pendingOwner;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Renounce ownership of the contract.
     * @dev Leaves the contract without owner. It will not be possible to call
     * `onlyOwner` functions anymore. Can only be called by the current owner.
     *
     * NOTE: Renouncing ownership will leave the contract without an owner,
     * thereby removing any functionality that is only available to the owner.
     */
    function renounceOwnership() external virtual onlyOwner {
        _setOwner(address(0));
    }

    /**
    * @notice Allows current owner to set the `_pendingOwner` address.
    * @param _newOwner Address to transfer ownership to.
    */
    function transferOwnership(address _newOwner) external onlyOwner {
        require(_newOwner != address(0), "Ownable/pendingOwner-not-zero-address");

        _pendingOwner = _newOwner;

        emit OwnershipOffered(_newOwner);
    }

    /**
    * @notice Allows the `_pendingOwner` address to finalize the transfer.
    * @dev This function is only callable by the `_pendingOwner`.
    */
    function claimOwnership() external onlyPendingOwner {
        _setOwner(_pendingOwner);
        _pendingOwner = address(0);
    }

    /* ============ Internal Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Internal function to set the `_owner` of the contract.
     * @param _newOwner New `_owner` address.
     */
    function _setOwner(address _newOwner) private {
        address _oldOwner = _owner;
        _owner = _newOwner;
        emit OwnershipTransferred(_oldOwner, _newOwner);
    }

    /* ============ Modifier Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the owner.
     */
    modifier onlyOwner() {
        require(owner() == msg.sender, "Ownable/caller-not-owner");
        _;
    }

    /**
    * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the `pendingOwner`.
    */
    modifier onlyPendingOwner() {
        require(msg.sender == _pendingOwner, "Ownable/caller-not-pendingOwner");
        _;
    }
}

File 7 of 22 : RNGInterface.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity >=0.6.0;

/// @title Random Number Generator Interface
/// @notice Provides an interface for requesting random numbers from 3rd-party RNG services (Chainlink VRF, Starkware VDF, etc..)
interface RNGInterface {

  /// @notice Emitted when a new request for a random number has been submitted
  /// @param requestId The indexed ID of the request used to get the results of the RNG service
  /// @param sender The indexed address of the sender of the request
  event RandomNumberRequested(uint32 indexed requestId, address indexed sender);

  /// @notice Emitted when an existing request for a random number has been completed
  /// @param requestId The indexed ID of the request used to get the results of the RNG service
  /// @param randomNumber The random number produced by the 3rd-party service
  event RandomNumberCompleted(uint32 indexed requestId, uint256 randomNumber);

  /// @notice Gets the last request id used by the RNG service
  /// @return requestId The last request id used in the last request
  function getLastRequestId() external view returns (uint32 requestId);

  /// @notice Gets the Fee for making a Request against an RNG service
  /// @return feeToken The address of the token that is used to pay fees
  /// @return requestFee The fee required to be paid to make a request
  function getRequestFee() external view returns (address feeToken, uint256 requestFee);

  /// @notice Sends a request for a random number to the 3rd-party service
  /// @dev Some services will complete the request immediately, others may have a time-delay
  /// @dev Some services require payment in the form of a token, such as $LINK for Chainlink VRF
  /// @return requestId The ID of the request used to get the results of the RNG service
  /// @return lockBlock The block number at which the RNG service will start generating time-delayed randomness.  The calling contract
  /// should "lock" all activity until the result is available via the `requestId`
  function requestRandomNumber() external returns (uint32 requestId, uint32 lockBlock);

  /// @notice Checks if the request for randomness from the 3rd-party service has completed
  /// @dev For time-delayed requests, this function is used to check/confirm completion
  /// @param requestId The ID of the request used to get the results of the RNG service
  /// @return isCompleted True if the request has completed and a random number is available, false otherwise
  function isRequestComplete(uint32 requestId) external view returns (bool isCompleted);

  /// @notice Gets the random number produced by the 3rd-party service
  /// @param requestId The ID of the request used to get the results of the RNG service
  /// @return randomNum The random number
  function randomNumber(uint32 requestId) external returns (uint256 randomNum);
}

File 8 of 22 : PrizeDistributionBuffer.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "@pooltogether/owner-manager-contracts/contracts/Manageable.sol";

import "./libraries/DrawRingBufferLib.sol";
import "./interfaces/IPrizeDistributionBuffer.sol";

/**
  * @title  PoolTogether V4 PrizeDistributionBuffer
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @notice The PrizeDistributionBuffer contract provides historical lookups of PrizeDistribution struct parameters (linked with a Draw ID) via a
            circular ring buffer. Historical PrizeDistribution parameters can be accessed on-chain using a drawId to calculate
            ring buffer storage slot. The PrizeDistribution parameters can be created by manager/owner and existing PrizeDistribution
            parameters can only be updated the owner. When adding a new PrizeDistribution basic sanity checks will be used to
            validate the incoming parameters.
*/
contract PrizeDistributionBuffer is IPrizeDistributionBuffer, Manageable {
    using DrawRingBufferLib for DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer;

    /// @notice The maximum cardinality of the prize distribution ring buffer.
    /// @dev even with daily draws, 256 will give us over 8 months of history.
    uint256 internal constant MAX_CARDINALITY = 256;

    /// @notice The ceiling for prize distributions.  1e9 = 100%.
    /// @dev It's fixed point 9 because 1e9 is the largest "1" that fits into 2**32
    uint256 internal constant TIERS_CEILING = 1e9;

    /// @notice Emitted when the contract is deployed.
    /// @param cardinality The maximum number of records in the buffer before they begin to expire.
    event Deployed(uint8 cardinality);

    /// @notice PrizeDistribution ring buffer history.
    IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution[MAX_CARDINALITY]
        internal prizeDistributionRingBuffer;

    /// @notice Ring buffer metadata (nextIndex, lastId, cardinality)
    DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer internal bufferMetadata;

    /* ============ Constructor ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Constructor for PrizeDistributionBuffer
     * @param _owner Address of the PrizeDistributionBuffer owner
     * @param _cardinality Cardinality of the `bufferMetadata`
     */
    constructor(address _owner, uint8 _cardinality) Ownable(_owner) {
        bufferMetadata.cardinality = _cardinality;
        emit Deployed(_cardinality);
    }

    /* ============ External Functions ============ */

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function getBufferCardinality() external view override returns (uint32) {
        return bufferMetadata.cardinality;
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function getPrizeDistribution(uint32 _drawId)
        external
        view
        override
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory)
    {
        return _getPrizeDistribution(bufferMetadata, _drawId);
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function getPrizeDistributions(uint32[] calldata _drawIds)
        external
        view
        override
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution[] memory)
    {
        uint256 drawIdsLength = _drawIds.length;
        DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory buffer = bufferMetadata;
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution[]
            memory _prizeDistributions = new IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution[](
                drawIdsLength
            );

        for (uint256 i = 0; i < drawIdsLength; i++) {
            _prizeDistributions[i] = _getPrizeDistribution(buffer, _drawIds[i]);
        }

        return _prizeDistributions;
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function getPrizeDistributionCount() external view override returns (uint32) {
        DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory buffer = bufferMetadata;

        if (buffer.lastDrawId == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        uint32 bufferNextIndex = buffer.nextIndex;

        // If the buffer is full return the cardinality, else retun the nextIndex
        if (prizeDistributionRingBuffer[bufferNextIndex].matchCardinality != 0) {
            return buffer.cardinality;
        } else {
            return bufferNextIndex;
        }
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function getNewestPrizeDistribution()
        external
        view
        override
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory prizeDistribution, uint32 drawId)
    {
        DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory buffer = bufferMetadata;

        return (prizeDistributionRingBuffer[buffer.getIndex(buffer.lastDrawId)], buffer.lastDrawId);
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function getOldestPrizeDistribution()
        external
        view
        override
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory prizeDistribution, uint32 drawId)
    {
        DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory buffer = bufferMetadata;

        // if the ring buffer is full, the oldest is at the nextIndex
        prizeDistribution = prizeDistributionRingBuffer[buffer.nextIndex];

        // The PrizeDistribution at index 0 IS by default the oldest prizeDistribution.
        if (buffer.lastDrawId == 0) {
            drawId = 0; // return 0 to indicate no prizeDistribution ring buffer history
        } else if (prizeDistribution.bitRangeSize == 0) {
            // IF the next PrizeDistribution.bitRangeSize == 0 the ring buffer HAS NOT looped around so the oldest is the first entry.
            prizeDistribution = prizeDistributionRingBuffer[0];
            drawId = (buffer.lastDrawId + 1) - buffer.nextIndex;
        } else {
            // Calculates the drawId using the ring buffer cardinality
            // Sequential drawIds are gauranteed by DrawRingBufferLib.push()
            drawId = (buffer.lastDrawId + 1) - buffer.cardinality;
        }
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function pushPrizeDistribution(
        uint32 _drawId,
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution calldata _prizeDistribution
    ) external override onlyManagerOrOwner returns (bool) {
        return _pushPrizeDistribution(_drawId, _prizeDistribution);
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributionBuffer
    function setPrizeDistribution(
        uint32 _drawId,
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution calldata _prizeDistribution
    ) external override onlyOwner returns (uint32) {
        DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory buffer = bufferMetadata;
        uint32 index = buffer.getIndex(_drawId);
        prizeDistributionRingBuffer[index] = _prizeDistribution;

        emit PrizeDistributionSet(_drawId, _prizeDistribution);

        return _drawId;
    }

    /* ============ Internal Functions ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Gets the PrizeDistributionBuffer for a drawId
     * @param _buffer DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer
     * @param _drawId drawId
     */
    function _getPrizeDistribution(DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory _buffer, uint32 _drawId)
        internal
        view
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory)
    {
        return prizeDistributionRingBuffer[_buffer.getIndex(_drawId)];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Set newest PrizeDistributionBuffer in ring buffer storage.
     * @param _drawId       drawId
     * @param _prizeDistribution PrizeDistributionBuffer struct
     */
    function _pushPrizeDistribution(
        uint32 _drawId,
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution calldata _prizeDistribution
    ) internal returns (bool) {
        require(_drawId > 0, "DrawCalc/draw-id-gt-0");
        require(_prizeDistribution.matchCardinality > 0, "DrawCalc/matchCardinality-gt-0");
        require(
            _prizeDistribution.bitRangeSize <= 256 / _prizeDistribution.matchCardinality,
            "DrawCalc/bitRangeSize-too-large"
        );

        require(_prizeDistribution.bitRangeSize > 0, "DrawCalc/bitRangeSize-gt-0");
        require(_prizeDistribution.maxPicksPerUser > 0, "DrawCalc/maxPicksPerUser-gt-0");
        require(_prizeDistribution.expiryDuration > 0, "DrawCalc/expiryDuration-gt-0");

        // ensure that the sum of the tiers are not gt 100%
        uint256 sumTotalTiers = 0;
        uint256 tiersLength = _prizeDistribution.tiers.length;

        for (uint256 index = 0; index < tiersLength; index++) {
            uint256 tier = _prizeDistribution.tiers[index];
            sumTotalTiers += tier;
        }

        // Each tier amount stored as uint32 - summed can't exceed 1e9
        require(sumTotalTiers <= TIERS_CEILING, "DrawCalc/tiers-gt-100%");

        DrawRingBufferLib.Buffer memory buffer = bufferMetadata;

        // store the PrizeDistribution in the ring buffer
        prizeDistributionRingBuffer[buffer.nextIndex] = _prizeDistribution;

        // update the ring buffer data
        bufferMetadata = buffer.push(_drawId);

        emit PrizeDistributionSet(_drawId, _prizeDistribution);

        return true;
    }
}

File 9 of 22 : PrizeDistributor.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "@openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/IERC20.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/utils/SafeERC20.sol";
import "@pooltogether/owner-manager-contracts/contracts/Ownable.sol";

import "./interfaces/IPrizeDistributor.sol";
import "./interfaces/IDrawCalculator.sol";

/**
    * @title  PoolTogether V4 PrizeDistributor
    * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
    * @notice The PrizeDistributor contract holds Tickets (captured interest) and distributes tickets to users with winning draw claims.
              PrizeDistributor uses an external IDrawCalculator to validate a users draw claim, before awarding payouts. To prevent users 
              from reclaiming prizes, a payout history for each draw claim is mapped to user accounts. Reclaiming a draw can occur
              if an "optimal" prize was not included in previous claim pick indices and the new claims updated payout is greater then
              the previous prize distributor claim payout.
*/
contract PrizeDistributor is IPrizeDistributor, Ownable {
    using SafeERC20 for IERC20;

    /* ============ Global Variables ============ */

    /// @notice DrawCalculator address
    IDrawCalculator internal drawCalculator;

    /// @notice Token address
    IERC20 internal immutable token;

    /// @notice Maps users => drawId => paid out balance
    mapping(address => mapping(uint256 => uint256)) internal userDrawPayouts;

    /* ============ Initialize ============ */

    /**
     * @notice Initialize PrizeDistributor smart contract.
     * @param _owner          Owner address
     * @param _token          Token address
     * @param _drawCalculator DrawCalculator address
     */
    constructor(
        address _owner,
        IERC20 _token,
        IDrawCalculator _drawCalculator
    ) Ownable(_owner) {
        _setDrawCalculator(_drawCalculator);
        require(address(_token) != address(0), "PrizeDistributor/token-not-zero-address");
        token = _token;
        emit TokenSet(_token);
    }

    /* ============ External Functions ============ */

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributor
    function claim(
        address _user,
        uint32[] calldata _drawIds,
        bytes calldata _data
    ) external override returns (uint256) {
        
        uint256 totalPayout;
        
        (uint256[] memory drawPayouts, ) = drawCalculator.calculate(_user, _drawIds, _data); // neglect the prizeCounts since we are not interested in them here

        uint256 drawPayoutsLength = drawPayouts.length;
        for (uint256 payoutIndex = 0; payoutIndex < drawPayoutsLength; payoutIndex++) {
            uint32 drawId = _drawIds[payoutIndex];
            uint256 payout = drawPayouts[payoutIndex];
            uint256 oldPayout = _getDrawPayoutBalanceOf(_user, drawId);
            uint256 payoutDiff = 0;

            // helpfully short-circuit, in case the user screwed something up.
            require(payout > oldPayout, "PrizeDistributor/zero-payout");

            unchecked {
                payoutDiff = payout - oldPayout;
            }

            _setDrawPayoutBalanceOf(_user, drawId, payout);

            totalPayout += payoutDiff;

            emit ClaimedDraw(_user, drawId, payoutDiff);
        }

        _awardPayout(_user, totalPayout);

        return totalPayout;
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributor
    function withdrawERC20(
        IERC20 _erc20Token,
        address _to,
        uint256 _amount
    ) external override onlyOwner returns (bool) {
        require(_to != address(0), "PrizeDistributor/recipient-not-zero-address");
        require(address(_erc20Token) != address(0), "PrizeDistributor/ERC20-not-zero-address");

        _erc20Token.safeTransfer(_to, _amount);

        emit ERC20Withdrawn(_erc20Token, _to, _amount);

        return true;
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributor
    function getDrawCalculator() external view override returns (IDrawCalculator) {
        return drawCalculator;
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributor
    function getDrawPayoutBalanceOf(address _user, uint32 _drawId)
        external
        view
        override
        returns (uint256)
    {
        return _getDrawPayoutBalanceOf(_user, _drawId);
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributor
    function getToken() external view override returns (IERC20) {
        return token;
    }

    /// @inheritdoc IPrizeDistributor
    function setDrawCalculator(IDrawCalculator _newCalculator)
        external
        override
        onlyOwner
        returns (IDrawCalculator)
    {
        _setDrawCalculator(_newCalculator);
        return _newCalculator;
    }

    /* ============ Internal Functions ============ */

    function _getDrawPayoutBalanceOf(address _user, uint32 _drawId)
        internal
        view
        returns (uint256)
    {
        return userDrawPayouts[_user][_drawId];
    }

    function _setDrawPayoutBalanceOf(
        address _user,
        uint32 _drawId,
        uint256 _payout
    ) internal {
        userDrawPayouts[_user][_drawId] = _payout;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sets DrawCalculator reference for individual draw id.
     * @param _newCalculator  DrawCalculator address
     */
    function _setDrawCalculator(IDrawCalculator _newCalculator) internal {
        require(address(_newCalculator) != address(0), "PrizeDistributor/calc-not-zero");
        drawCalculator = _newCalculator;

        emit DrawCalculatorSet(_newCalculator);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer claimed draw(s) total payout to user.
     * @param _to      User address
     * @param _amount  Transfer amount
     */
    function _awardPayout(address _to, uint256 _amount) internal {
        token.safeTransfer(_to, _amount);
    }

}

File 10 of 22 : IControlledToken.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "@openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/IERC20.sol";

/** @title IControlledToken
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @notice ERC20 Tokens with a controller for minting & burning.
*/
interface IControlledToken is IERC20 {

    /** 
        @notice Interface to the contract responsible for controlling mint/burn
    */
    function controller() external view returns (address);

    /** 
      * @notice Allows the controller to mint tokens for a user account
      * @dev May be overridden to provide more granular control over minting
      * @param user Address of the receiver of the minted tokens
      * @param amount Amount of tokens to mint
    */
    function controllerMint(address user, uint256 amount) external;

    /** 
      * @notice Allows the controller to burn tokens from a user account
      * @dev May be overridden to provide more granular control over burning
      * @param user Address of the holder account to burn tokens from
      * @param amount Amount of tokens to burn
    */
    function controllerBurn(address user, uint256 amount) external;

    /** 
      * @notice Allows an operator via the controller to burn tokens on behalf of a user account
      * @dev May be overridden to provide more granular control over operator-burning
      * @param operator Address of the operator performing the burn action via the controller contract
      * @param user Address of the holder account to burn tokens from
      * @param amount Amount of tokens to burn
    */
    function controllerBurnFrom(
        address operator,
        address user,
        uint256 amount
    ) external;
}

File 11 of 22 : IDrawBeacon.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "@pooltogether/pooltogether-rng-contracts/contracts/RNGInterface.sol";
import "./IDrawBuffer.sol";

/** @title  IDrawBeacon
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @notice The DrawBeacon interface.
*/
interface IDrawBeacon {

    /// @notice Draw struct created every draw
    /// @param winningRandomNumber The random number returned from the RNG service
    /// @param drawId The monotonically increasing drawId for each draw
    /// @param timestamp Unix timestamp of the draw. Recorded when the draw is created by the DrawBeacon.
    /// @param beaconPeriodStartedAt Unix timestamp of when the draw started
    /// @param beaconPeriodSeconds Unix timestamp of the beacon draw period for this draw.
    struct Draw {
        uint256 winningRandomNumber;
        uint32 drawId;
        uint64 timestamp;
        uint64 beaconPeriodStartedAt;
        uint32 beaconPeriodSeconds;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a new DrawBuffer has been set.
     * @param newDrawBuffer       The new DrawBuffer address
     */
    event DrawBufferUpdated(IDrawBuffer indexed newDrawBuffer);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a draw has opened.
     * @param startedAt Start timestamp
     */
    event BeaconPeriodStarted(uint64 indexed startedAt);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a draw has started.
     * @param rngRequestId  draw id
     * @param rngLockBlock  Block when draw becomes invalid
     */
    event DrawStarted(uint32 indexed rngRequestId, uint32 rngLockBlock);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a draw has been cancelled.
     * @param rngRequestId  draw id
     * @param rngLockBlock  Block when draw becomes invalid
     */
    event DrawCancelled(uint32 indexed rngRequestId, uint32 rngLockBlock);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a draw has been completed.
     * @param randomNumber  Random number generated from draw
     */
    event DrawCompleted(uint256 randomNumber);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a RNG service address is set.
     * @param rngService  RNG service address
     */
    event RngServiceUpdated(RNGInterface indexed rngService);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when a draw timeout param is set.
     * @param rngTimeout  draw timeout param in seconds
     */
    event RngTimeoutSet(uint32 rngTimeout);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when the drawPeriodSeconds is set.
     * @param drawPeriodSeconds Time between draw
     */
    event BeaconPeriodSecondsUpdated(uint32 drawPeriodSeconds);

    /**
     * @notice Returns the number of seconds remaining until the beacon period can be complete.
     * @return The number of seconds remaining until the beacon period can be complete.
     */
    function beaconPeriodRemainingSeconds() external view returns (uint64);

    /**
     * @notice Returns the timestamp at which the beacon period ends
     * @return The timestamp at which the beacon period ends.
     */
    function beaconPeriodEndAt() external view returns (uint64);

    /**
     * @notice Returns whether a Draw can be started.
     * @return True if a Draw can be started, false otherwise.
     */
    function canStartDraw() external view returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Returns whether a Draw can be completed.
     * @return True if a Draw can be completed, false otherwise.
     */
    function canCompleteDraw() external view returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Calculates when the next beacon period will start.
     * @param time The timestamp to use as the current time
     * @return The timestamp at which the next beacon period would start
     */
    function calculateNextBeaconPeriodStartTime(uint64 time) external view returns (uint64);

    /**
     * @notice Can be called by anyone to cancel the draw request if the RNG has timed out.
     */
    function cancelDraw() external;

    /**
     * @notice Completes the Draw (RNG) request and pushes a Draw onto DrawBuffer.
     */
    function completeDraw() external;

    /**
     * @notice Returns the block number that the current RNG request has been locked to.
     * @return The block number that the RNG request is locked to
     */
    function getLastRngLockBlock() external view returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current RNG Request ID.
     * @return The current Request ID
     */
    function getLastRngRequestId() external view returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Returns whether the beacon period is over
     * @return True if the beacon period is over, false otherwise
     */
    function isBeaconPeriodOver() external view returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Returns whether the random number request has completed.
     * @return True if a random number request has completed, false otherwise.
     */
    function isRngCompleted() external view returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Returns whether a random number has been requested
     * @return True if a random number has been requested, false otherwise.
     */
    function isRngRequested() external view returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Returns whether the random number request has timed out.
     * @return True if a random number request has timed out, false otherwise.
     */
    function isRngTimedOut() external view returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Allows the owner to set the beacon period in seconds.
     * @param beaconPeriodSeconds The new beacon period in seconds.  Must be greater than zero.
     */
    function setBeaconPeriodSeconds(uint32 beaconPeriodSeconds) external;

    /**
     * @notice Allows the owner to set the RNG request timeout in seconds. This is the time that must elapsed before the RNG request can be cancelled and the pool unlocked.
     * @param rngTimeout The RNG request timeout in seconds.
     */
    function setRngTimeout(uint32 rngTimeout) external;

    /**
     * @notice Sets the RNG service that the Prize Strategy is connected to
     * @param rngService The address of the new RNG service interface
     */
    function setRngService(RNGInterface rngService) external;

    /**
     * @notice Starts the Draw process by starting random number request. The previous beacon period must have ended.
     * @dev The RNG-Request-Fee is expected to be held within this contract before calling this function
     */
    function startDraw() external;

    /**
     * @notice Set global DrawBuffer variable.
     * @dev    All subsequent Draw requests/completions will be pushed to the new DrawBuffer.
     * @param newDrawBuffer DrawBuffer address
     * @return DrawBuffer
     */
    function setDrawBuffer(IDrawBuffer newDrawBuffer) external returns (IDrawBuffer);
}

File 12 of 22 : IDrawBuffer.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "../interfaces/IDrawBeacon.sol";

/** @title  IDrawBuffer
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @notice The DrawBuffer interface.
*/
interface IDrawBuffer {
    /**
     * @notice Emit when a new draw has been created.
     * @param drawId Draw id
     * @param draw The Draw struct
     */
    event DrawSet(uint32 indexed drawId, IDrawBeacon.Draw draw);

    /**
     * @notice Read a ring buffer cardinality
     * @return Ring buffer cardinality
     */
    function getBufferCardinality() external view returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Read a Draw from the draws ring buffer.
     * @dev    Read a Draw using the Draw.drawId to calculate position in the draws ring buffer.
     * @param drawId Draw.drawId
     * @return IDrawBeacon.Draw
     */
    function getDraw(uint32 drawId) external view returns (IDrawBeacon.Draw memory);

    /**
     * @notice Read multiple Draws from the draws ring buffer.
     * @dev    Read multiple Draws using each drawId to calculate position in the draws ring buffer.
     * @param drawIds Array of drawIds
     * @return IDrawBeacon.Draw[]
     */
    function getDraws(uint32[] calldata drawIds) external view returns (IDrawBeacon.Draw[] memory);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the number of Draws held in the draw ring buffer.
     * @dev If no Draws have been pushed, it will return 0.
     * @dev If the ring buffer is full, it will return the cardinality.
     * @dev Otherwise, it will return the NewestDraw index + 1.
     * @return Number of Draws held in the draw ring buffer.
     */
    function getDrawCount() external view returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Read newest Draw from draws ring buffer.
     * @dev    Uses the nextDrawIndex to calculate the most recently added Draw.
     * @return IDrawBeacon.Draw
     */
    function getNewestDraw() external view returns (IDrawBeacon.Draw memory);

    /**
     * @notice Read oldest Draw from draws ring buffer.
     * @dev    Finds the oldest Draw by comparing and/or diffing totalDraws with the cardinality.
     * @return IDrawBeacon.Draw
     */
    function getOldestDraw() external view returns (IDrawBeacon.Draw memory);

    /**
     * @notice Push Draw onto draws ring buffer history.
     * @dev    Push new draw onto draws history via authorized manager or owner.
     * @param draw IDrawBeacon.Draw
     * @return Draw.drawId
     */
    function pushDraw(IDrawBeacon.Draw calldata draw) external returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Set existing Draw in draws ring buffer with new parameters.
     * @dev    Updating a Draw should be used sparingly and only in the event an incorrect Draw parameter has been stored.
     * @param newDraw IDrawBeacon.Draw
     * @return Draw.drawId
     */
    function setDraw(IDrawBeacon.Draw calldata newDraw) external returns (uint32);
}

File 13 of 22 : IDrawCalculator.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "./ITicket.sol";
import "./IDrawBuffer.sol";
import "../PrizeDistributionBuffer.sol";
import "../PrizeDistributor.sol";

/**
 * @title  PoolTogether V4 IDrawCalculator
 * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
 * @notice The DrawCalculator interface.
 */
interface IDrawCalculator {
    struct PickPrize {
        bool won;
        uint8 tierIndex;
    }

    ///@notice Emitted when the contract is initialized
    event Deployed(
        ITicket indexed ticket,
        IDrawBuffer indexed drawBuffer,
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer indexed prizeDistributionBuffer
    );

    ///@notice Emitted when the prizeDistributor is set/updated
    event PrizeDistributorSet(PrizeDistributor indexed prizeDistributor);

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the prize amount for a user for Multiple Draws. Typically called by a PrizeDistributor.
     * @param user User for which to calculate prize amount.
     * @param drawIds drawId array for which to calculate prize amounts for.
     * @param data The ABI encoded pick indices for all Draws. Expected to be winning picks. Pick indices must be less than the totalUserPicks.
     * @return List of awardable prize amounts ordered by drawId.
     */
    function calculate(
        address user,
        uint32[] calldata drawIds,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external view returns (uint256[] memory, bytes memory);

    /**
     * @notice Read global DrawBuffer variable.
     * @return IDrawBuffer
     */
    function getDrawBuffer() external view returns (IDrawBuffer);

    /**
     * @notice Read global DrawBuffer variable.
     * @return IDrawBuffer
     */
    function getPrizeDistributionBuffer() external view returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer);

    /**
     * @notice Returns a users balances expressed as a fraction of the total supply over time.
     * @param user The users address
     * @param drawIds The drawsId to consider
     * @return Array of balances
     */
    function getNormalizedBalancesForDrawIds(address user, uint32[] calldata drawIds)
        external
        view
        returns (uint256[] memory);

}

File 14 of 22 : IPrizeDistributionBuffer.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

/** @title  IPrizeDistributionBuffer
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @notice The PrizeDistributionBuffer interface.
*/
interface IPrizeDistributionBuffer {

    ///@notice PrizeDistribution struct created every draw
    ///@param bitRangeSize Decimal representation of bitRangeSize
    ///@param matchCardinality The number of numbers to consider in the 256 bit random number. Must be > 1 and < 256/bitRangeSize.
    ///@param startTimestampOffset The starting time offset in seconds from which Ticket balances are calculated.
    ///@param endTimestampOffset The end time offset in seconds from which Ticket balances are calculated.
    ///@param maxPicksPerUser Maximum number of picks a user can make in this draw
    ///@param expiryDuration Length of time in seconds the PrizeDistribution is valid for. Relative to the Draw.timestamp.
    ///@param numberOfPicks Number of picks this draw has (may vary across networks according to how much the network has contributed to the Reserve)
    ///@param tiers Array of prize tiers percentages, expressed in fraction form with base 1e9. Ordering: index0: grandPrize, index1: runnerUp, etc.
    ///@param prize Total prize amount available in this draw calculator for this draw (may vary from across networks)
    struct PrizeDistribution {
        uint8 bitRangeSize;
        uint8 matchCardinality;
        uint32 startTimestampOffset;
        uint32 endTimestampOffset;
        uint32 maxPicksPerUser;
        uint32 expiryDuration;
        uint104 numberOfPicks;
        uint32[16] tiers;
        uint256 prize;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Emit when PrizeDistribution is set.
     * @param drawId       Draw id
     * @param prizeDistribution IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution
     */
    event PrizeDistributionSet(
        uint32 indexed drawId,
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution prizeDistribution
    );

    /**
     * @notice Read a ring buffer cardinality
     * @return Ring buffer cardinality
     */
    function getBufferCardinality() external view returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Read newest PrizeDistribution from prize distributions ring buffer.
     * @dev    Uses nextDrawIndex to calculate the most recently added PrizeDistribution.
     * @return prizeDistribution
     * @return drawId
     */
    function getNewestPrizeDistribution()
        external
        view
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory prizeDistribution, uint32 drawId);

    /**
     * @notice Read oldest PrizeDistribution from prize distributions ring buffer.
     * @dev    Finds the oldest Draw by buffer.nextIndex and buffer.lastDrawId
     * @return prizeDistribution
     * @return drawId
     */
    function getOldestPrizeDistribution()
        external
        view
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory prizeDistribution, uint32 drawId);

    /**
     * @notice Gets PrizeDistribution list from array of drawIds
     * @param drawIds drawIds to get PrizeDistribution for
     * @return prizeDistributionList
     */
    function getPrizeDistributions(uint32[] calldata drawIds)
        external
        view
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution[] memory);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the PrizeDistributionBuffer for a drawId
     * @param drawId drawId
     * @return prizeDistribution
     */
    function getPrizeDistribution(uint32 drawId)
        external
        view
        returns (IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution memory);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the number of PrizeDistributions stored in the prize distributions ring buffer.
     * @dev If no Draws have been pushed, it will return 0.
     * @dev If the ring buffer is full, it will return the cardinality.
     * @dev Otherwise, it will return the NewestPrizeDistribution index + 1.
     * @return Number of PrizeDistributions stored in the prize distributions ring buffer.
     */
    function getPrizeDistributionCount() external view returns (uint32);

    /**
     * @notice Adds new PrizeDistribution record to ring buffer storage.
     * @dev    Only callable by the owner or manager
     * @param drawId            Draw ID linked to PrizeDistribution parameters
     * @param prizeDistribution PrizeDistribution parameters struct
     */
    function pushPrizeDistribution(
        uint32 drawId,
        IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution calldata prizeDistribution
    ) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @notice Sets existing PrizeDistribution with new PrizeDistribution parameters in ring buffer storage.
     * @dev    Retroactively updates an existing PrizeDistribution and should be thought of as a "safety"
               fallback. If the manager is setting invalid PrizeDistribution parameters the Owner can update
               the invalid parameters with correct parameters.
     * @return drawId
     */
    function setPrizeDistribution(uint32 drawId, IPrizeDistributionBuffer.PrizeDistribution calldata draw)
        external
        returns (uint32);
}

File 15 of 22 : IPrizeDistributor.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0
pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "@openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/IERC20.sol";

import "./IDrawBuffer.sol";
import "./IDrawCalculator.sol";

/** @title  IPrizeDistributor
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @notice The PrizeDistributor interface.
*/
interface IPrizeDistributor {

    /**
     * @notice Emit when user has claimed token from the PrizeDistributor.
     * @param user   User address receiving draw claim payouts
     * @param drawId Draw id that was paid out
     * @param payout Payout for draw
     */
    event ClaimedDraw(address indexed user, uint32 indexed drawId, uint256 payout);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when DrawCalculator is set.
     * @param calculator DrawCalculator address
     */
    event DrawCalculatorSet(IDrawCalculator indexed calculator);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when Token is set.
     * @param token Token address
     */
    event TokenSet(IERC20 indexed token);

    /**
     * @notice Emit when ERC20 tokens are withdrawn.
     * @param token  ERC20 token transferred.
     * @param to     Address that received funds.
     * @param amount Amount of tokens transferred.
     */
    event ERC20Withdrawn(IERC20 indexed token, address indexed to, uint256 amount);

    /**
     * @notice Claim prize payout(s) by submitting valud drawId(s) and winning pick indice(s). The user address
               is used as the "seed" phrase to generate random numbers.
     * @dev    The claim function is public and any wallet may execute claim on behalf of another user.
               Prizes are always paid out to the designated user account and not the caller (msg.sender).
               Claiming prizes is not limited to a single transaction. Reclaiming can be executed
               subsequentially if an "optimal" prize was not included in previous claim pick indices. The
               payout difference for the new claim is calculated during the award process and transfered to user.
     * @param user    Address of user to claim awards for. Does NOT need to be msg.sender
     * @param drawIds Draw IDs from global DrawBuffer reference
     * @param data    The data to pass to the draw calculator
     * @return Total claim payout. May include calcuations from multiple draws.
     */
    function claim(
        address user,
        uint32[] calldata drawIds,
        bytes calldata data
    ) external returns (uint256);

    /**
        * @notice Read global DrawCalculator address.
        * @return IDrawCalculator
     */
    function getDrawCalculator() external view returns (IDrawCalculator);

    /**
        * @notice Get the amount that a user has already been paid out for a draw
        * @param user   User address
        * @param drawId Draw ID
     */
    function getDrawPayoutBalanceOf(address user, uint32 drawId) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
        * @notice Read global Ticket address.
        * @return IERC20
     */
    function getToken() external view returns (IERC20);

    /**
        * @notice Sets DrawCalculator reference contract.
        * @param newCalculator DrawCalculator address
        * @return New DrawCalculator address
     */
    function setDrawCalculator(IDrawCalculator newCalculator) external returns (IDrawCalculator);

    /**
        * @notice Transfer ERC20 tokens out of contract to recipient address.
        * @dev    Only callable by contract owner.
        * @param token  ERC20 token to transfer.
        * @param to     Recipient of the tokens.
        * @param amount Amount of tokens to transfer.
        * @return true if operation is successful.
    */
    function withdrawERC20(
        IERC20 token,
        address to,
        uint256 amount
    ) external returns (bool);
}

File 16 of 22 : ITicket.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "../libraries/TwabLib.sol";
import "./IControlledToken.sol";

interface ITicket is IControlledToken {
    /**
     * @notice A struct containing details for an Account.
     * @param balance The current balance for an Account.
     * @param nextTwabIndex The next available index to store a new twab.
     * @param cardinality The number of recorded twabs (plus one!).
     */
    struct AccountDetails {
        uint224 balance;
        uint16 nextTwabIndex;
        uint16 cardinality;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Combines account details with their twab history.
     * @param details The account details.
     * @param twabs The history of twabs for this account.
     */
    struct Account {
        AccountDetails details;
        ObservationLib.Observation[65535] twabs;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Emitted when TWAB balance has been delegated to another user.
     * @param delegator Address of the delegator.
     * @param delegate Address of the delegate.
     */
    event Delegated(address indexed delegator, address indexed delegate);

    /**
     * @notice Emitted when ticket is initialized.
     * @param name Ticket name (eg: PoolTogether Dai Ticket (Compound)).
     * @param symbol Ticket symbol (eg: PcDAI).
     * @param decimals Ticket decimals.
     * @param controller Token controller address.
     */
    event TicketInitialized(string name, string symbol, uint8 decimals, address indexed controller);

    /**
     * @notice Emitted when a new TWAB has been recorded.
     * @param delegate The recipient of the ticket power (may be the same as the user).
     * @param newTwab Updated TWAB of a ticket holder after a successful TWAB recording.
     */
    event NewUserTwab(
        address indexed delegate,
        ObservationLib.Observation newTwab
    );

    /**
     * @notice Emitted when a new total supply TWAB has been recorded.
     * @param newTotalSupplyTwab Updated TWAB of tickets total supply after a successful total supply TWAB recording.
     */
    event NewTotalSupplyTwab(ObservationLib.Observation newTotalSupplyTwab);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves the address of the delegate to whom `user` has delegated their tickets.
     * @dev Address of the delegate will be the zero address if `user` has not delegated their tickets.
     * @param user Address of the delegator.
     * @return Address of the delegate.
     */
    function delegateOf(address user) external view returns (address);

    /**
    * @notice Delegate time-weighted average balances to an alternative address.
    * @dev    Transfers (including mints) trigger the storage of a TWAB in delegate(s) account, instead of the
              targetted sender and/or recipient address(s).
    * @dev    To reset the delegate, pass the zero address (0x000.000) as `to` parameter.
    * @dev Current delegate address should be different from the new delegate address `to`.
    * @param  to Recipient of delegated TWAB.
    */
    function delegate(address to) external;

    /**
     * @notice Allows the controller to delegate on a users behalf.
     * @param user The user for whom to delegate
     * @param delegate The new delegate
     */
    function controllerDelegateFor(address user, address delegate) external;

    /**
     * @notice Allows a user to delegate via signature
     * @param user The user who is delegating
     * @param delegate The new delegate
     * @param deadline The timestamp by which this must be submitted
     * @param v The v portion of the ECDSA sig
     * @param r The r portion of the ECDSA sig
     * @param s The s portion of the ECDSA sig
     */
    function delegateWithSignature(
        address user,
        address delegate,
        uint256 deadline,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) external;

    /**
     * @notice Gets a users twab context.  This is a struct with their balance, next twab index, and cardinality.
     * @param user The user for whom to fetch the TWAB context.
     * @return The TWAB context, which includes { balance, nextTwabIndex, cardinality }
     */
    function getAccountDetails(address user) external view returns (TwabLib.AccountDetails memory);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the TWAB at a specific index for a user.
     * @param user The user for whom to fetch the TWAB.
     * @param index The index of the TWAB to fetch.
     * @return The TWAB, which includes the twab amount and the timestamp.
     */
    function getTwab(address user, uint16 index)
        external
        view
        returns (ObservationLib.Observation memory);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves `user` TWAB balance.
     * @param user Address of the user whose TWAB is being fetched.
     * @param timestamp Timestamp at which we want to retrieve the TWAB balance.
     * @return The TWAB balance at the given timestamp.
     */
    function getBalanceAt(address user, uint64 timestamp) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves `user` TWAB balances.
     * @param user Address of the user whose TWABs are being fetched.
     * @param timestamps Timestamps range at which we want to retrieve the TWAB balances.
     * @return `user` TWAB balances.
     */
    function getBalancesAt(address user, uint64[] calldata timestamps)
        external
        view
        returns (uint256[] memory);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves the average balance held by a user for a given time frame.
     * @param user The user whose balance is checked.
     * @param startTime The start time of the time frame.
     * @param endTime The end time of the time frame.
     * @return The average balance that the user held during the time frame.
     */
    function getAverageBalanceBetween(
        address user,
        uint64 startTime,
        uint64 endTime
    ) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves the average balances held by a user for a given time frame.
     * @param user The user whose balance is checked.
     * @param startTimes The start time of the time frame.
     * @param endTimes The end time of the time frame.
     * @return The average balance that the user held during the time frame.
     */
    function getAverageBalancesBetween(
        address user,
        uint64[] calldata startTimes,
        uint64[] calldata endTimes
    ) external view returns (uint256[] memory);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves the total supply TWAB balance at the given timestamp.
     * @param timestamp Timestamp at which we want to retrieve the total supply TWAB balance.
     * @return The total supply TWAB balance at the given timestamp.
     */
    function getTotalSupplyAt(uint64 timestamp) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves the total supply TWAB balance between the given timestamps range.
     * @param timestamps Timestamps range at which we want to retrieve the total supply TWAB balance.
     * @return Total supply TWAB balances.
     */
    function getTotalSuppliesAt(uint64[] calldata timestamps)
        external
        view
        returns (uint256[] memory);

    /**
     * @notice Retrieves the average total supply balance for a set of given time frames.
     * @param startTimes Array of start times.
     * @param endTimes Array of end times.
     * @return The average total supplies held during the time frame.
     */
    function getAverageTotalSuppliesBetween(
        uint64[] calldata startTimes,
        uint64[] calldata endTimes
    ) external view returns (uint256[] memory);
}

File 17 of 22 : DrawRingBufferLib.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "./RingBufferLib.sol";

/// @title Library for creating and managing a draw ring buffer.
library DrawRingBufferLib {
    /// @notice Draw buffer struct.
    struct Buffer {
        uint32 lastDrawId;
        uint32 nextIndex;
        uint32 cardinality;
    }

    /// @notice Helper function to know if the draw ring buffer has been initialized.
    /// @dev since draws start at 1 and are monotonically increased, we know we are uninitialized if nextIndex = 0 and lastDrawId = 0.
    /// @param _buffer The buffer to check.
    function isInitialized(Buffer memory _buffer) internal pure returns (bool) {
        return !(_buffer.nextIndex == 0 && _buffer.lastDrawId == 0);
    }

    /// @notice Push a draw to the buffer.
    /// @param _buffer The buffer to push to.
    /// @param _drawId The drawID to push.
    /// @return The new buffer.
    function push(Buffer memory _buffer, uint32 _drawId) internal pure returns (Buffer memory) {
        require(!isInitialized(_buffer) || _drawId == _buffer.lastDrawId + 1, "DRB/must-be-contig");

        return
            Buffer({
                lastDrawId: _drawId,
                nextIndex: uint32(RingBufferLib.nextIndex(_buffer.nextIndex, _buffer.cardinality)),
                cardinality: _buffer.cardinality
            });
    }

    /// @notice Get draw ring buffer index pointer.
    /// @param _buffer The buffer to get the `nextIndex` from.
    /// @param _drawId The draw id to get the index for.
    /// @return The draw ring buffer index pointer.
    function getIndex(Buffer memory _buffer, uint32 _drawId) internal pure returns (uint32) {
        require(isInitialized(_buffer) && _drawId <= _buffer.lastDrawId, "DRB/future-draw");

        uint32 indexOffset = _buffer.lastDrawId - _drawId;
        require(indexOffset < _buffer.cardinality, "DRB/expired-draw");

        uint256 mostRecent = RingBufferLib.newestIndex(_buffer.nextIndex, _buffer.cardinality);

        return uint32(RingBufferLib.offset(uint32(mostRecent), indexOffset, _buffer.cardinality));
    }
}

File 18 of 22 : ExtendedSafeCastLib.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

/**
 * @dev Wrappers over Solidity's uintXX/intXX casting operators with added overflow
 * checks.
 *
 * Downcasting from uint256/int256 in Solidity does not revert on overflow. This can
 * easily result in undesired exploitation or bugs, since developers usually
 * assume that overflows raise errors. `SafeCast` restores this intuition by
 * reverting the transaction when such an operation overflows.
 *
 * Using this library instead of the unchecked operations eliminates an entire
 * class of bugs, so it's recommended to use it always.
 *
 * Can be combined with {SafeMath} and {SignedSafeMath} to extend it to smaller types, by performing
 * all math on `uint256` and `int256` and then downcasting.
 */
library ExtendedSafeCastLib {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint208 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint208).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint208` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 208 bits
     */
    function toUint208(uint256 _value) internal pure returns (uint208) {
        require(_value <= type(uint208).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 208 bits");
        return uint208(_value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the downcasted uint224 from uint256, reverting on
     * overflow (when the input is greater than largest uint224).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `uint224` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - input must fit into 224 bits
     */
    function toUint224(uint256 _value) internal pure returns (uint224) {
        require(_value <= type(uint224).max, "SafeCast: value doesn't fit in 224 bits");
        return uint224(_value);
    }
}

File 19 of 22 : ObservationLib.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "@openzeppelin/contracts/utils/math/SafeCast.sol";

import "./OverflowSafeComparatorLib.sol";
import "./RingBufferLib.sol";

/**
* @title Observation Library
* @notice This library allows one to store an array of timestamped values and efficiently binary search them.
* @dev Largely pulled from Uniswap V3 Oracle.sol: https://github.com/Uniswap/v3-core/blob/c05a0e2c8c08c460fb4d05cfdda30b3ad8deeaac/contracts/libraries/Oracle.sol
* @author PoolTogether Inc.
*/
library ObservationLib {
    using OverflowSafeComparatorLib for uint32;
    using SafeCast for uint256;

    /// @notice The maximum number of observations
    uint24 public constant MAX_CARDINALITY = 16777215; // 2**24

    /**
    * @notice Observation, which includes an amount and timestamp.
    * @param amount `amount` at `timestamp`.
    * @param timestamp Recorded `timestamp`.
    */
    struct Observation {
        uint224 amount;
        uint32 timestamp;
    }

    /**
    * @notice Fetches Observations `beforeOrAt` and `atOrAfter` a `_target`, eg: where [`beforeOrAt`, `atOrAfter`] is satisfied.
    * The result may be the same Observation, or adjacent Observations.
    * @dev The answer must be contained in the array used when the target is located within the stored Observation.
    * boundaries: older than the most recent Observation and younger, or the same age as, the oldest Observation.
    * @dev  If `_newestObservationIndex` is less than `_oldestObservationIndex`, it means that we've wrapped around the circular buffer.
    *       So the most recent observation will be at `_oldestObservationIndex + _cardinality - 1`, at the beginning of the circular buffer.
    * @param _observations List of Observations to search through.
    * @param _newestObservationIndex Index of the newest Observation. Right side of the circular buffer.
    * @param _oldestObservationIndex Index of the oldest Observation. Left side of the circular buffer.
    * @param _target Timestamp at which we are searching the Observation.
    * @param _cardinality Cardinality of the circular buffer we are searching through.
    * @param _time Timestamp at which we perform the binary search.
    * @return beforeOrAt Observation recorded before, or at, the target.
    * @return atOrAfter Observation recorded at, or after, the target.
    */
    function binarySearch(
        Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _observations,
        uint24 _newestObservationIndex,
        uint24 _oldestObservationIndex,
        uint32 _target,
        uint24 _cardinality,
        uint32 _time
    ) internal view returns (Observation memory beforeOrAt, Observation memory atOrAfter) {
        uint256 leftSide = _oldestObservationIndex;
        uint256 rightSide = _newestObservationIndex < leftSide
            ? leftSide + _cardinality - 1
            : _newestObservationIndex;
        uint256 currentIndex;

        while (true) {
            // We start our search in the middle of the `leftSide` and `rightSide`.
            // After each iteration, we narrow down the search to the left or the right side while still starting our search in the middle.
            currentIndex = (leftSide + rightSide) / 2;

            beforeOrAt = _observations[uint24(RingBufferLib.wrap(currentIndex, _cardinality))];
            uint32 beforeOrAtTimestamp = beforeOrAt.timestamp;

            // We've landed on an uninitialized timestamp, keep searching higher (more recently).
            if (beforeOrAtTimestamp == 0) {
                leftSide = currentIndex + 1;
                continue;
            }

            atOrAfter = _observations[uint24(RingBufferLib.nextIndex(currentIndex, _cardinality))];

            bool targetAtOrAfter = beforeOrAtTimestamp.lte(_target, _time);

            // Check if we've found the corresponding Observation.
            if (targetAtOrAfter && _target.lte(atOrAfter.timestamp, _time)) {
                break;
            }

            // If `beforeOrAtTimestamp` is greater than `_target`, then we keep searching lower. To the left of the current index.
            if (!targetAtOrAfter) {
                rightSide = currentIndex - 1;
            } else {
                // Otherwise, we keep searching higher. To the left of the current index.
                leftSide = currentIndex + 1;
            }
        }
    }
}

File 20 of 22 : OverflowSafeComparatorLib.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

/// @title OverflowSafeComparatorLib library to share comparator functions between contracts
/// @dev Code taken from Uniswap V3 Oracle.sol: https://github.com/Uniswap/v3-core/blob/3e88af408132fc957e3e406f65a0ce2b1ca06c3d/contracts/libraries/Oracle.sol
/// @author PoolTogether Inc.
library OverflowSafeComparatorLib {
    /// @notice 32-bit timestamps comparator.
    /// @dev safe for 0 or 1 overflows, `_a` and `_b` must be chronologically before or equal to time.
    /// @param _a A comparison timestamp from which to determine the relative position of `_timestamp`.
    /// @param _b Timestamp to compare against `_a`.
    /// @param _timestamp A timestamp truncated to 32 bits.
    /// @return bool Whether `_a` is chronologically < `_b`.
    function lt(
        uint32 _a,
        uint32 _b,
        uint32 _timestamp
    ) internal pure returns (bool) {
        // No need to adjust if there hasn't been an overflow
        if (_a <= _timestamp && _b <= _timestamp) return _a < _b;

        uint256 aAdjusted = _a > _timestamp ? _a : _a + 2**32;
        uint256 bAdjusted = _b > _timestamp ? _b : _b + 2**32;

        return aAdjusted < bAdjusted;
    }

    /// @notice 32-bit timestamps comparator.
    /// @dev safe for 0 or 1 overflows, `_a` and `_b` must be chronologically before or equal to time.
    /// @param _a A comparison timestamp from which to determine the relative position of `_timestamp`.
    /// @param _b Timestamp to compare against `_a`.
    /// @param _timestamp A timestamp truncated to 32 bits.
    /// @return bool Whether `_a` is chronologically <= `_b`.
    function lte(
        uint32 _a,
        uint32 _b,
        uint32 _timestamp
    ) internal pure returns (bool) {

        // No need to adjust if there hasn't been an overflow
        if (_a <= _timestamp && _b <= _timestamp) return _a <= _b;

        uint256 aAdjusted = _a > _timestamp ? _a : _a + 2**32;
        uint256 bAdjusted = _b > _timestamp ? _b : _b + 2**32;

        return aAdjusted <= bAdjusted;
    }

    /// @notice 32-bit timestamp subtractor
    /// @dev safe for 0 or 1 overflows, where `_a` and `_b` must be chronologically before or equal to time
    /// @param _a The subtraction left operand
    /// @param _b The subtraction right operand
    /// @param _timestamp The current time.  Expected to be chronologically after both.
    /// @return The difference between a and b, adjusted for overflow
    function checkedSub(
        uint32 _a,
        uint32 _b,
        uint32 _timestamp
    ) internal pure returns (uint32) {
        // No need to adjust if there hasn't been an overflow

        if (_a <= _timestamp && _b <= _timestamp) return _a - _b;

        uint256 aAdjusted = _a > _timestamp ? _a : _a + 2**32;
        uint256 bAdjusted = _b > _timestamp ? _b : _b + 2**32;

        return uint32(aAdjusted - bAdjusted);
    }
}

File 21 of 22 : RingBufferLib.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

library RingBufferLib {
    /**
    * @notice Returns wrapped TWAB index.
    * @dev  In order to navigate the TWAB circular buffer, we need to use the modulo operator.
    * @dev  For example, if `_index` is equal to 32 and the TWAB circular buffer is of `_cardinality` 32,
    *       it will return 0 and will point to the first element of the array.
    * @param _index Index used to navigate through the TWAB circular buffer.
    * @param _cardinality TWAB buffer cardinality.
    * @return TWAB index.
    */
    function wrap(uint256 _index, uint256 _cardinality) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return _index % _cardinality;
    }

    /**
    * @notice Computes the negative offset from the given index, wrapped by the cardinality.
    * @dev  We add `_cardinality` to `_index` to be able to offset even if `_amount` is superior to `_cardinality`.
    * @param _index The index from which to offset
    * @param _amount The number of indices to offset.  This is subtracted from the given index.
    * @param _cardinality The number of elements in the ring buffer
    * @return Offsetted index.
     */
    function offset(
        uint256 _index,
        uint256 _amount,
        uint256 _cardinality
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return wrap(_index + _cardinality - _amount, _cardinality);
    }

    /// @notice Returns the index of the last recorded TWAB
    /// @param _nextIndex The next available twab index.  This will be recorded to next.
    /// @param _cardinality The cardinality of the TWAB history.
    /// @return The index of the last recorded TWAB
    function newestIndex(uint256 _nextIndex, uint256 _cardinality)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256)
    {
        if (_cardinality == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        return wrap(_nextIndex + _cardinality - 1, _cardinality);
    }

    /// @notice Computes the ring buffer index that follows the given one, wrapped by cardinality
    /// @param _index The index to increment
    /// @param _cardinality The number of elements in the Ring Buffer
    /// @return The next index relative to the given index.  Will wrap around to 0 if the next index == cardinality
    function nextIndex(uint256 _index, uint256 _cardinality)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256)
    {
        return wrap(_index + 1, _cardinality);
    }
}

File 22 of 22 : TwabLib.sol
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0

pragma solidity 0.8.6;

import "./ExtendedSafeCastLib.sol";
import "./OverflowSafeComparatorLib.sol";
import "./RingBufferLib.sol";
import "./ObservationLib.sol";

/**
  * @title  PoolTogether V4 TwabLib (Library)
  * @author PoolTogether Inc Team
  * @dev    Time-Weighted Average Balance Library for ERC20 tokens.
  * @notice This TwabLib adds on-chain historical lookups to a user(s) time-weighted average balance.
            Each user is mapped to an Account struct containing the TWAB history (ring bufffer) and
            ring buffer parameters. Every token.transfer() creates a new TWAB checkpoint. The new TWAB
            checkpoint is stored in the circular ring buffer, as either a new checkpoint or rewriting
            a previous checkpoint with new parameters. The TwabLib (using existing blocktimes 1block/15sec)
            guarantees minimum 7.4 years of search history.
 */
library TwabLib {
    using OverflowSafeComparatorLib for uint32;
    using ExtendedSafeCastLib for uint256;

    /**
      * @notice Sets max ring buffer length in the Account.twabs Observation list.
                As users transfer/mint/burn tickets new Observation checkpoints are
                recorded. The current max cardinality guarantees a six month minimum,
                of historical accurate lookups with current estimates of 1 new block
                every 15 seconds - the of course contain a transfer to trigger an
                observation write to storage.
      * @dev    The user Account.AccountDetails.cardinality parameter can NOT exceed
                the max cardinality variable. Preventing "corrupted" ring buffer lookup
                pointers and new observation checkpoints.

                The MAX_CARDINALITY in fact guarantees at least 7.4 years of records:
                If 14 = block time in seconds
                (2**24) * 14 = 234881024 seconds of history
                234881024 / (365 * 24 * 60 * 60) ~= 7.44 years
    */
    uint24 public constant MAX_CARDINALITY = 16777215; // 2**24

    /** @notice Struct ring buffer parameters for single user Account
      * @param balance       Current balance for an Account
      * @param nextTwabIndex Next uninitialized or updatable ring buffer checkpoint storage slot
      * @param cardinality   Current total "initialized" ring buffer checkpoints for single user AccountDetails.
                             Used to set initial boundary conditions for an efficient binary search.
    */
    struct AccountDetails {
        uint208 balance;
        uint24 nextTwabIndex;
        uint24 cardinality;
    }

    /// @notice Combines account details with their twab history
    /// @param details The account details
    /// @param twabs The history of twabs for this account
    struct Account {
        AccountDetails details;
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] twabs;
    }

    /// @notice Increases an account's balance and records a new twab.
    /// @param _account The account whose balance will be increased
    /// @param _amount The amount to increase the balance by
    /// @param _currentTime The current time
    /// @return accountDetails The new AccountDetails
    /// @return twab The user's latest TWAB
    /// @return isNew Whether the TWAB is new
    function increaseBalance(
        Account storage _account,
        uint208 _amount,
        uint32 _currentTime
    )
        internal
        returns (
            AccountDetails memory accountDetails,
            ObservationLib.Observation memory twab,
            bool isNew
        )
    {
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails = _account.details;
        (accountDetails, twab, isNew) = _nextTwab(_account.twabs, _accountDetails, _currentTime);
        accountDetails.balance = _accountDetails.balance + _amount;
    }

    /** @notice Calculates the next TWAB checkpoint for an account with a decreasing balance.
     * @dev    With Account struct and amount decreasing calculates the next TWAB observable checkpoint.
     * @param _account        Account whose balance will be decreased
     * @param _amount         Amount to decrease the balance by
     * @param _revertMessage  Revert message for insufficient balance
     * @return accountDetails Updated Account.details struct
     * @return twab           TWAB observation (with decreasing average)
     * @return isNew          Whether TWAB is new or calling twice in the same block
     */
    function decreaseBalance(
        Account storage _account,
        uint208 _amount,
        string memory _revertMessage,
        uint32 _currentTime
    )
        internal
        returns (
            AccountDetails memory accountDetails,
            ObservationLib.Observation memory twab,
            bool isNew
        )
    {
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails = _account.details;

        require(_accountDetails.balance >= _amount, _revertMessage);

        (accountDetails, twab, isNew) = _nextTwab(_account.twabs, _accountDetails, _currentTime);
        unchecked {
            accountDetails.balance -= _amount;
        }
    }

    /** @notice Calculates the average balance held by a user for a given time frame.
      * @dev    Finds the average balance between start and end timestamp epochs.
                Validates the supplied end time is within the range of elapsed time i.e. less then timestamp of now.
      * @param _twabs          Individual user Observation recorded checkpoints passed as storage pointer
      * @param _accountDetails User AccountDetails struct loaded in memory
      * @param _startTime      Start of timestamp range as an epoch
      * @param _endTime        End of timestamp range as an epoch
      * @param _currentTime    Block.timestamp
      * @return Average balance of user held between epoch timestamps start and end
    */
    function getAverageBalanceBetween(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails,
        uint32 _startTime,
        uint32 _endTime,
        uint32 _currentTime
    ) internal view returns (uint256) {
        uint32 endTime = _endTime > _currentTime ? _currentTime : _endTime;

        return
            _getAverageBalanceBetween(_twabs, _accountDetails, _startTime, endTime, _currentTime);
    }

    /// @notice Retrieves the oldest TWAB
    /// @param _twabs The storage array of twabs
    /// @param _accountDetails The TWAB account details
    /// @return index The index of the oldest TWAB in the twabs array
    /// @return twab The oldest TWAB
    function oldestTwab(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails
    ) internal view returns (uint24 index, ObservationLib.Observation memory twab) {
        index = _accountDetails.nextTwabIndex;
        twab = _twabs[index];

        // If the TWAB is not initialized we go to the beginning of the TWAB circular buffer at index 0
        if (twab.timestamp == 0) {
            index = 0;
            twab = _twabs[0];
        }
    }

    /// @notice Retrieves the newest TWAB
    /// @param _twabs The storage array of twabs
    /// @param _accountDetails The TWAB account details
    /// @return index The index of the newest TWAB in the twabs array
    /// @return twab The newest TWAB
    function newestTwab(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails
    ) internal view returns (uint24 index, ObservationLib.Observation memory twab) {
        index = uint24(RingBufferLib.newestIndex(_accountDetails.nextTwabIndex, MAX_CARDINALITY));
        twab = _twabs[index];
    }

    /// @notice Retrieves amount at `_targetTime` timestamp
    /// @param _twabs List of TWABs to search through.
    /// @param _accountDetails Accounts details
    /// @param _targetTime Timestamp at which the reserved TWAB should be for.
    /// @return uint256 TWAB amount at `_targetTime`.
    function getBalanceAt(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails,
        uint32 _targetTime,
        uint32 _currentTime
    ) internal view returns (uint256) {
        uint32 timeToTarget = _targetTime > _currentTime ? _currentTime : _targetTime;
        return _getBalanceAt(_twabs, _accountDetails, timeToTarget, _currentTime);
    }

    /// @notice Calculates the average balance held by a user for a given time frame.
    /// @param _startTime The start time of the time frame.
    /// @param _endTime The end time of the time frame.
    /// @return The average balance that the user held during the time frame.
    function _getAverageBalanceBetween(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails,
        uint32 _startTime,
        uint32 _endTime,
        uint32 _currentTime
    ) private view returns (uint256) {
        (uint24 oldestTwabIndex, ObservationLib.Observation memory oldTwab) = oldestTwab(
            _twabs,
            _accountDetails
        );

        (uint24 newestTwabIndex, ObservationLib.Observation memory newTwab) = newestTwab(
            _twabs,
            _accountDetails
        );

        ObservationLib.Observation memory startTwab = _calculateTwab(
            _twabs,
            _accountDetails,
            newTwab,
            oldTwab,
            newestTwabIndex,
            oldestTwabIndex,
            _startTime,
            _currentTime
        );

        ObservationLib.Observation memory endTwab = _calculateTwab(
            _twabs,
            _accountDetails,
            newTwab,
            oldTwab,
            newestTwabIndex,
            oldestTwabIndex,
            _endTime,
            _currentTime
        );

        // Difference in amount / time
        return (endTwab.amount - startTwab.amount) / OverflowSafeComparatorLib.checkedSub(endTwab.timestamp, startTwab.timestamp, _currentTime);
    }

    /** @notice Searches TWAB history and calculate the difference between amount(s)/timestamp(s) to return average balance
                between the Observations closes to the supplied targetTime.
      * @param _twabs          Individual user Observation recorded checkpoints passed as storage pointer
      * @param _accountDetails User AccountDetails struct loaded in memory
      * @param _targetTime     Target timestamp to filter Observations in the ring buffer binary search
      * @param _currentTime    Block.timestamp
      * @return uint256 Time-weighted average amount between two closest observations.
    */
    function _getBalanceAt(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails,
        uint32 _targetTime,
        uint32 _currentTime
    ) private view returns (uint256) {
        uint24 newestTwabIndex;
        ObservationLib.Observation memory afterOrAt;
        ObservationLib.Observation memory beforeOrAt;
        (newestTwabIndex, beforeOrAt) = newestTwab(_twabs, _accountDetails);

        // If `_targetTime` is chronologically after the newest TWAB, we can simply return the current balance
        if (beforeOrAt.timestamp.lte(_targetTime, _currentTime)) {
            return _accountDetails.balance;
        }

        uint24 oldestTwabIndex;
        // Now, set before to the oldest TWAB
        (oldestTwabIndex, beforeOrAt) = oldestTwab(_twabs, _accountDetails);

        // If `_targetTime` is chronologically before the oldest TWAB, we can early return
        if (_targetTime.lt(beforeOrAt.timestamp, _currentTime)) {
            return 0;
        }

        // Otherwise, we perform the `binarySearch`
        (beforeOrAt, afterOrAt) = ObservationLib.binarySearch(
            _twabs,
            newestTwabIndex,
            oldestTwabIndex,
            _targetTime,
            _accountDetails.cardinality,
            _currentTime
        );

        // Sum the difference in amounts and divide by the difference in timestamps.
        // The time-weighted average balance uses time measured between two epoch timestamps as
        // a constaint on the measurement when calculating the time weighted average balance.
        return
            (afterOrAt.amount - beforeOrAt.amount) / OverflowSafeComparatorLib.checkedSub(afterOrAt.timestamp, beforeOrAt.timestamp, _currentTime);
    }

    /** @notice Calculates a user TWAB for a target timestamp using the historical TWAB records.
                The balance is linearly interpolated: amount differences / timestamp differences
                using the simple (after.amount - before.amount / end.timestamp - start.timestamp) formula.
    /** @dev    Binary search in _calculateTwab fails when searching out of bounds. Thus, before
                searching we exclude target timestamps out of range of newest/oldest TWAB(s).
                IF a search is before or after the range we "extrapolate" a Observation from the expected state.
      * @param _twabs           Individual user Observation recorded checkpoints passed as storage pointer
      * @param _accountDetails  User AccountDetails struct loaded in memory
      * @param _newestTwab      Newest TWAB in history (end of ring buffer)
      * @param _oldestTwab      Olderst TWAB in history (end of ring buffer)
      * @param _newestTwabIndex Pointer in ring buffer to newest TWAB
      * @param _oldestTwabIndex Pointer in ring buffer to oldest TWAB
      * @param _targetTimestamp Epoch timestamp to calculate for time (T) in the TWAB
      * @param _time            Block.timestamp
      * @return accountDetails Updated Account.details struct
    */
    function _calculateTwab(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails,
        ObservationLib.Observation memory _newestTwab,
        ObservationLib.Observation memory _oldestTwab,
        uint24 _newestTwabIndex,
        uint24 _oldestTwabIndex,
        uint32 _targetTimestamp,
        uint32 _time
    ) private view returns (ObservationLib.Observation memory) {
        // If `_targetTimestamp` is chronologically after the newest TWAB, we extrapolate a new one
        if (_newestTwab.timestamp.lt(_targetTimestamp, _time)) {
            return _computeNextTwab(_newestTwab, _accountDetails.balance, _targetTimestamp);
        }

        if (_newestTwab.timestamp == _targetTimestamp) {
            return _newestTwab;
        }

        if (_oldestTwab.timestamp == _targetTimestamp) {
            return _oldestTwab;
        }

        // If `_targetTimestamp` is chronologically before the oldest TWAB, we create a zero twab
        if (_targetTimestamp.lt(_oldestTwab.timestamp, _time)) {
            return ObservationLib.Observation({ amount: 0, timestamp: _targetTimestamp });
        }

        // Otherwise, both timestamps must be surrounded by twabs.
        (
            ObservationLib.Observation memory beforeOrAtStart,
            ObservationLib.Observation memory afterOrAtStart
        ) = ObservationLib.binarySearch(
                _twabs,
                _newestTwabIndex,
                _oldestTwabIndex,
                _targetTimestamp,
                _accountDetails.cardinality,
                _time
            );

        uint224 heldBalance = (afterOrAtStart.amount - beforeOrAtStart.amount) /
            OverflowSafeComparatorLib.checkedSub(afterOrAtStart.timestamp, beforeOrAtStart.timestamp, _time);

        return _computeNextTwab(beforeOrAtStart, heldBalance, _targetTimestamp);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the next TWAB using the newestTwab and updated balance.
     * @dev    Storage of the TWAB obersation is managed by the calling function and not _computeNextTwab.
     * @param _currentTwab    Newest Observation in the Account.twabs list
     * @param _currentBalance User balance at time of most recent (newest) checkpoint write
     * @param _time           Current block.timestamp
     * @return TWAB Observation
     */
    function _computeNextTwab(
        ObservationLib.Observation memory _currentTwab,
        uint224 _currentBalance,
        uint32 _time
    ) private pure returns (ObservationLib.Observation memory) {
        // New twab amount = last twab amount (or zero) + (current amount * elapsed seconds)
        return
            ObservationLib.Observation({
                amount: _currentTwab.amount +
                    _currentBalance *
                    (_time.checkedSub(_currentTwab.timestamp, _time)),
                timestamp: _time
            });
    }

    /// @notice Sets a new TWAB Observation at the next available index and returns the new account details.
    /// @dev Note that if _currentTime is before the last observation timestamp, it appears as an overflow
    /// @param _twabs The twabs array to insert into
    /// @param _accountDetails The current account details
    /// @param _currentTime The current time
    /// @return accountDetails The new account details
    /// @return twab The newest twab (may or may not be brand-new)
    /// @return isNew Whether the newest twab was created by this call
    function _nextTwab(
        ObservationLib.Observation[MAX_CARDINALITY] storage _twabs,
        AccountDetails memory _accountDetails,
        uint32 _currentTime
    )
        private
        returns (
            AccountDetails memory accountDetails,
            ObservationLib.Observation memory twab,
            bool isNew
        )
    {
        (, ObservationLib.Observation memory _newestTwab) = newestTwab(_twabs, _accountDetails);

        // if we're in the same block, return
        if (_newestTwab.timestamp == _currentTime) {
            return (_accountDetails, _newestTwab, false);
        }

        ObservationLib.Observation memory newTwab = _computeNextTwab(
            _newestTwab,
            _accountDetails.balance,
            _currentTime
        );

        _twabs[_accountDetails.nextTwabIndex] = newTwab;

        AccountDetails memory nextAccountDetails = push(_accountDetails);

        return (nextAccountDetails, newTwab, true);
    }

    /// @notice "Pushes" a new element on the AccountDetails ring buffer, and returns the new AccountDetails
    /// @param _accountDetails The account details from which to pull the cardinality and next index
    /// @return The new AccountDetails
    function push(AccountDetails memory _accountDetails)
        internal
        pure
        returns (AccountDetails memory)
    {
        _accountDetails.nextTwabIndex = uint24(
            RingBufferLib.nextIndex(_accountDetails.nextTwabIndex, MAX_CARDINALITY)
        );

        // Prevent the Account specific cardinality from exceeding the MAX_CARDINALITY.
        // The ring buffer length is limited by MAX_CARDINALITY. IF the account.cardinality
        // exceeds the max cardinality, new observations would be incorrectly set or the
        // observation would be out of "bounds" of the ring buffer. Once reached the
        // AccountDetails.cardinality will continue to be equal to max cardinality.
        if (_accountDetails.cardinality < MAX_CARDINALITY) {
            _accountDetails.cardinality += 1;
        }

        return _accountDetails;
    }
}

Settings
{
  "evmVersion": "berlin",
  "libraries": {},
  "metadata": {
    "bytecodeHash": "ipfs",
    "useLiteralContent": true
  },
  "optimizer": {
    "enabled": true,
    "runs": 2000
  },
  "remappings": [],
  "outputSelection": {
    "*": {
      "*": [
        "evm.bytecode",
        "evm.deployedBytecode",
        "abi"
      ]
    }
  }
}

Contract Security Audit

Contract ABI

[{"inputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"_owner","type":"address"},{"internalType":"contract IERC20","name":"_token","type":"address"},{"internalType":"contract IDrawCalculator","name":"_drawCalculator","type":"address"}],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"constructor"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":true,"internalType":"address","name":"user","type":"address"},{"indexed":true,"internalType":"uint32","name":"drawId","type":"uint32"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"uint256","name":"payout","type":"uint256"}],"name":"ClaimedDraw","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":true,"internalType":"contract IDrawCalculator","name":"calculator","type":"address"}],"name":"DrawCalculatorSet","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":true,"internalType":"contract IERC20","name":"token","type":"address"},{"indexed":true,"internalType":"address","name":"to","type":"address"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"uint256","name":"amount","type":"uint256"}],"name":"ERC20Withdrawn","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":true,"internalType":"address","name":"pendingOwner","type":"address"}],"name":"OwnershipOffered","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":true,"internalType":"address","name":"previousOwner","type":"address"},{"indexed":true,"internalType":"address","name":"newOwner","type":"address"}],"name":"OwnershipTransferred","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":true,"internalType":"contract IERC20","name":"token","type":"address"}],"name":"TokenSet","type":"event"},{"inputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"_user","type":"address"},{"internalType":"uint32[]","name":"_drawIds","type":"uint32[]"},{"internalType":"bytes","name":"_data","type":"bytes"}],"name":"claim","outputs":[{"internalType":"uint256","name":"","type":"uint256"}],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"inputs":[],"name":"claimOwnership","outputs":[],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"inputs":[],"name":"getDrawCalculator","outputs":[{"internalType":"contract IDrawCalculator","name":"","type":"address"}],"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"inputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"_user","type":"address"},{"internalType":"uint32","name":"_drawId","type":"uint32"}],"name":"getDrawPayoutBalanceOf","outputs":[{"internalType":"uint256","name":"","type":"uint256"}],"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"inputs":[],"name":"getToken","outputs":[{"internalType":"contract IERC20","name":"","type":"address"}],"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"inputs":[],"name":"owner","outputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"","type":"address"}],"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"inputs":[],"name":"pendingOwner","outputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"","type":"address"}],"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"inputs":[],"name":"renounceOwnership","outputs":[],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"inputs":[{"internalType":"contract IDrawCalculator","name":"_newCalculator","type":"address"}],"name":"setDrawCalculator","outputs":[{"internalType":"contract IDrawCalculator","name":"","type":"address"}],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"inputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"_newOwner","type":"address"}],"name":"transferOwnership","outputs":[],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"inputs":[{"internalType":"contract IERC20","name":"_erc20Token","type":"address"},{"internalType":"address","name":"_to","type":"address"},{"internalType":"uint256","name":"_amount","type":"uint256"}],"name":"withdrawERC20","outputs":[{"internalType":"bool","name":"","type":"bool"}],"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"}]

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ffff81118282101715611111576111116111c6565b604052919050565b6000821982111561112c5761112c61119a565b500190565b60005b8381101561114c578181015183820152602001611134565b8381111561115b576000848401525b50505050565b60007fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff8214156111935761119361119a565b5060010190565b634e487b7160e01b600052601160045260246000fd5b634e487b7160e01b600052603260045260246000fd5b634e487b7160e01b600052604160045260246000fd5b6001600160a01b03811681146111f157600080fd5b5056fea26469706673582212207ada7308f0b080856681204017ef20dc0852746eee38df7e75c44b08acac258d64736f6c63430008060033000000000000000000000000e0f4217390221af47855e094f6e112d43c8698fe0000000000000000000000006a304dfdb9f808741244b6bfee65ca7b3b3a60760000000000000000000000003976bd6f4b82c97314570a77bc1e979f7a839a24

Constructor Arguments (ABI-Encoded and is the last bytes of the Contract Creation Code above)

000000000000000000000000e0f4217390221af47855e094f6e112d43c8698fe0000000000000000000000006a304dfdb9f808741244b6bfee65ca7b3b3a60760000000000000000000000003976bd6f4b82c97314570a77bc1e979f7a839a24

-----Decoded View---------------
Arg [0] : _owner (address): 0xe0f4217390221af47855e094f6e112d43c8698fe
Arg [1] : _token (address): 0x6a304dfdb9f808741244b6bfee65ca7b3b3a6076
Arg [2] : _drawCalculator (address): 0x3976bd6f4b82c97314570a77bc1e979f7a839a24

-----Encoded View---------------
3 Constructor Arguments found :
Arg [0] : 000000000000000000000000e0f4217390221af47855e094f6e112d43c8698fe
Arg [1] : 0000000000000000000000006a304dfdb9f808741244b6bfee65ca7b3b3a6076
Arg [2] : 0000000000000000000000003976bd6f4b82c97314570a77bc1e979f7a839a24


Block Transaction Gas Used Reward
Age Block Fee Address BC Fee Address Voting Power Jailed Incoming
Block Uncle Number Difficulty Gas Used Reward
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